Like it | Every year, a group of high-speed trains will be opened to traffic, and more than 300 top experts are planning Xiong’ an … The National Development and Reform Commission revealed a wave of

  Cctv newsAt 3 o’clock this afternoon, the press center of the 19th National Congress held the fourth press conference. He Lifeng, Party Secretary and Director of the National Development and Reform Commission, Zhang Yong, Deputy Director, and Ning Ji Zhe, Deputy Director, answered reporters’ questions on the hot issues of China’s economic development.

  We sorted out the dry goods of this press conference from three aspects, and let’s take a look at what changes have taken place in our lives in the past five years and what kind of life we will have in the future.

  Look at the data, look at the quality and look at the benefits: China’s economy is stable, steady and positive.

  He Lifeng said that in the past five years, China’s economy has developed in a sustained and healthy way, and it has maintained a development trend of steady progress and steady progress. Major economic indicators, prices, employment, and poverty alleviation have remained stable, and significant progress has been made in promoting institutional reform, "three to one, one reduction and one supplement", and promoting economic transformation and upgrading. Specifically:

  It is estimated that the expected growth target of about 6.5% for the whole year will be successfully achieved and better results will be achieved. The total economic output will exceed 80 trillion yuan by the end of this year.

  The number of new jobs in cities and towns nationwide has remained above 13 million for four consecutive years.

  More than 55 million people have been lifted out of poverty in four years, and more than 10 million people will be reduced this year. The incidence of poverty has dropped to 4.5% at the end of 2016, and it is expected to drop below 4% by the end of this year.

  "Three to one, one drop and one supplement" has achieved good results. So far, the production capacity of backward steel has exceeded 110 million tons, the production capacity of backward coal has exceeded 400 million tons, and the re-employment of more than 1.1 million people has been solved simultaneously.

  According to some authoritative media reports in the world, there are now more than 90 "unicorn" enterprises in science and technology (described as start-ups with good development prospects), accounting for about one-third of the world. Compared with some big countries with the most "unicorn" enterprises, we are only a few less. This fully shows that China’s new technology industries and technology enterprises are developing vigorously. In 2016, the contribution rate of China’s scientific and technological progress reached 56.2%, and the expenditure on research and experimental development reached 1.55 trillion yuan.

  See the problem: private investment is weak? The tide of foreign capital withdrawal? What should we do?

  Weak private investment? Manufacturing and real estate are really weak now.

  Zhang Yong, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, said:

  The slowdown of private investment has something to do with the slowdown of investment in the whole society, and it also has some characteristics of its own. Because the areas where private investment is concentrated are mainly manufacturing and real estate. Manufacturing involves transformation and upgrading, and real estate involves destocking. These two industries are relatively weak now.

  However, on the whole, private investment has maintained a steady and sustained growth trend. From January to September this year, private investment increased by 6%, 3.5 percentage points faster than last year.

  In view of the weak private investment, in the future, we should further lower the threshold through decentralization, especially making a negative list to make the market more transparent and give private enterprises greater decision-making power.

  In addition, efforts are being made to build a government information platform, especially a credit system, to protect the legitimate rights and interests of private enterprises. At the same time, the State Council issued a special document to stimulate the vitality of private investment and further guide private investment to invest in these areas with long industrial chain and good growth prospects.

  The management system of pre-entry national treatment plus negative list will be fully implemented for foreign investment

  In response to the voice of the wave of foreign capital withdrawal in the society, Ning Ji Zhe, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that in recent years, China has been in the forefront of attracting foreign capital in the world. In order to solve some difficulties faced by foreign-funded enterprises in their development, the next step will be to continue to improve the business environment, fully implement the management system of national treatment plus negative list before entry, and greatly relax market access.

  In terms of fair competition, foreign-funded enterprises should also be given national treatment after their entry. All enterprises registered in China are treated equally and equally.

  In terms of investment facilitation, we adhere to the new mode of foreign investment management based on filing system. At present, more than 96% of foreign investment is subject to localized filing management. Some places are still exploring deepening reforms and further improving the convenience of investment as a whole.

  Look at the future

  The coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei has exceeded expectations.

  In terms of transportation, a number of "broken roads" and a number of "bottleneck roads" have been opened, which add up to more than 800 kilometers.

  In terms of industrial upgrading and transfer, Beijing has transferred a number of non-capital but relatively high-quality enterprise projects to Tianjin and Hebei.

  Great progress has been made in ecological and environmental protection, and the greening around Beijing has been greatly strengthened. Great practical results have been achieved in controlling pollution such as burning loose coal and launching the "blue sky defense war";

  People’s livelihood, including education, medical care, health and so on, has made great progress.

  By the end of this year, Beijing municipal authorities and municipal administrative departments will take the lead in starting the relocation.

  The sub-center of Beijing City is mainly located in Tongzhou, and the master plan of Tongzhou is in full swing to re-connect with the master plan of Beijing City. As a sub-center of Beijing City, the construction of this phase mainly focuses on the construction of centralized office areas of administrative institutions. After several years of efforts, the main part has been basically completed. According to the plan, by the end of this year, Beijing-level major organs and some municipal administrative departments will take the lead in starting the relocation.

  More than 300 top experts at home and abroad are doing the overall planning of xiong’an new area.

  In recent months, the planning and construction of xiong’an new area has made positive and great progress. More than 300 top experts from home and abroad and 12 teams were organized to design the overall planning of xiong’an new area and the planning of the start-up area and the start-up area according to the world vision, international standards, China characteristics and the general requirements of high-point positioning. This plan has entered the final stage of tackling key problems.

   The first draft of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area planning is being solicited for comments.

  Regarding Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area’s national strategy, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) is taking the lead in speeding up the preparation of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area’s plan, which will provide a blueprint for the future construction of Greater Bay Area. At present, the first draft has been formed, and opinions are being solicited.

  The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge will strive to be basically open to traffic by the end of this year. At the same time, relevant policies are being studied to facilitate the convenience of people, funds and other market liquidity factors, such as customs clearance policies.

  In the future, a number of high-speed trains will be opened to traffic every year.

  In promoting the development of high-speed rail, He Lifeng said that the National Development and Reform Commission, together with the Ministry of Communications and the Railway Corporation, is deeply studying specific policies. It is predicted that there will be a number of high-speed rails under construction every year in the future, and a number of high-speed rails will be opened to traffic every year to better meet and serve the objective needs of people’s travel.

On the new urbanization and the development of real estate market: both "city" and "house" must be people-oriented

  On March 11th, He Jian (first from left), deputy to the National People’s Congress and director of the Housing and Urban-Rural Development Department of Sichuan Province, and representatives from the same delegation discussed that the key to new urbanization is the citizenization of agricultural transfer population. Photo by our reporter Li Jinglu

  On the afternoon of March 11th, Huang Hongyun, member of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and chairman of Chongqing Federation of Industry and Commerce, believed that housing enterprises needed to strengthen product innovation. Our reporter Li Shugui photo

  (Reporter Lin Huocan, Cui Wenyuan, He Wei, Liu Chang, Wu Bingze) The government work report pointed out that urbanization is the only way to modernization and the biggest domestic demand potential and development momentum in China. In the process of promoting new urbanization, how to deal with the stable and healthy development of the real estate market? The reporter of Economic Daily interviewed the delegates and members attending the two sessions of the National People’s Congress. They believe that only by adhering to "people-oriented" can new urbanization and real estate market achieve win-win development.

  Encourage agricultural transfer population to buy houses in cities.

  According to the government work report, this year, China will further promote new urbanization, focusing on three tasks: urbanization of agricultural transfer population, promoting the construction of urban affordable housing projects and the stable and healthy development of the real estate market, and strengthening the management of urban planning and construction.

  "Real estate enterprises should seize the opportunity brought by promoting new urbanization and share the market brought by the urbanization of agricultural transfer population ‘ Cake ’ 。” Chi Fulin, member of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and president of China (Hainan) Reform and Development Research Institute, said that by 2020, China’s urbanization rate may exceed 60%, which is expected to bring about 3.3 trillion yuan of new consumption, and housing consumption will become an important part of new consumption.

  Hu Baosen, deputy to the National People’s Congress and chairman of the board of directors of Jianye Group, said that at present, China’s real estate market is clearly divided, and the pressure of real estate destocking in third-and fourth-tier cities is relatively high. However, from the perspective of urbanization, a large number of agricultural migrants will settle in third-and fourth-tier cities, which will bring huge housing demand. In this sense, new urbanization will become the only way to realize the stable and healthy development of China’s real estate market.

  In order to further encourage the vast number of migrant workers to buy houses in cities, many places have shown "real tricks" to help the agricultural transfer population accelerate the process of citizenization.

  Fan Ping, deputy to the National People’s Congress and director of the Enterprise Management Center of Sichuan Jinxing Clean Energy Equipment Co., Ltd., said that as early as 2014, Meishan City, Sichuan Province launched an initiative to encourage migrant workers to buy houses in cities. For example, the "3+2" housing subsidy policy is implemented, that is, the government subsidizes 300 yuan per square meter of rural residents’ housing purchase, and enterprises give preferential treatment to 200 yuan.

  "This subsidy policy has played a very positive role in stimulating farmers’ enthusiasm for buying houses in cities." Deputy Fan Ping said that the process of "destocking" in Meishan City is accelerating, and the destocking cycle has been shortened from 21 months at the end of April 2015 to about 14 months at present.

  Open the conversion channel between commercial housing and affordable housing

  With the acceleration of new urbanization, all localities should not only accelerate the transformation of shanty towns and villages in cities, but also solve the housing security problem of a large number of rural migrants.

  However, it is not difficult to complete the task of providing affordable housing through government self-construction. Deputy Hu Baosen said that at present, there is a certain gap between the government-built policy housing and the needs of the people, while the commercial housing at the forefront of the market can better grasp the needs of the people in terms of apartment type, area and site selection.

  Therefore, opening the channel between commercial housing and affordable housing, and the government repurchasing commercial housing as affordable housing, has become an important exploration to promote the construction of affordable housing projects in cities and towns and the stable and healthy development of the real estate market.

  Ni Qiang, deputy to the National People’s Congress and mayor of Haikou City, said that at present, there are plenty of public rental housing in Haikou City, but the people’s application enthusiasm is not high and the inventory is large. The government has cancelled the construction of public rental housing and switched to a two-way conversion channel between affordable housing and commercial housing to digest the inventory of affordable housing and commercial housing.

  "We are fully implementing the monetization subsidy policy for public rental housing, expanding the scope of public rental housing protection to non-registered population, and including urban lower-middle and low-income families with housing difficulties, newly employed employees, migrant workers and migrant workers into the scope of public rental housing protection." Deputy Ni Qiang said that in order to further intensify the destocking, Haikou City carried out the reform of the household registration system, making it clear that foreign household registration personnel over the age of 18 can apply for affordable housing such as price-limited commercial housing and low-rent housing if they have lived in Haikou City for more than 8 years.

  Zheng Xincong, deputy to the National People’s Congress and secretary of the Quanzhou Municipal Party Committee of Fujian Province, said that Quanzhou has issued an implementation plan to open the transition channel between commercial housing, affordable housing and resettlement housing. Some counties in Quanzhou are moderately repurchased by the government as affordable housing such as resettlement houses.

  "We gradually pay equal attention to physical security and monetary subsidies, and encourage those who meet the conditions of public rental housing to rent first-hand commercial housing. The municipal finance will give 30% rent subsidies, and encourage those who meet the conditions of price-limited housing to buy first-hand commercial housing, and the municipal finance will give subsidies." Deputy Zheng Xincong said that Quanzhou has also established a docking sales platform for commercial housing and households without housing. According to the principle of voluntariness, the housing provided by development enterprises at a price lower than the market price (85%) is included in the unified platform of government affordable housing and sold to the workers without housing in sanitation, public transportation, taxis and other industries.

  Increase the proportion of monetized resettlement in shed reform

  According to the government work report, 6 million shanty towns will be renovated this year, and the proportion of monetized resettlement will be increased.

  He Jian, deputy to the National People’s Congress and director of the Sichuan Provincial Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, said that by 2020, Sichuan Province should basically complete the goal of transforming urban dilapidated shanty towns. "We will make every effort to promote monetized resettlement according to local conditions, and strive to achieve a monetized resettlement ratio of over 50%". Moreover, in the renovation of dilapidated shanty towns, the government will increase financial input, raise funds through multiple channels, ensure that local government bonds are given priority for related construction, and promote the implementation of security factors such as land and funds. At the same time, it will also accelerate the government’s purchase of shed reform services.

  "The implementation of monetized resettlement will not only meet the wishes of the masses, but also improve the production and living conditions of the people in need in a short time and improve the resettlement efficiency." Zheng Weiyong, deputy to the National People’s Congress and chairman of Zhongxin Town People’s Congress in Daozhen, Guizhou Province, said. In order to carry out the relocation project of ecological immigrants, Zhongxin Town plans to relocate 218 households this year, and 200 households are willing to implement monetary resettlement. Deputy Zheng Weiyong suggested that in the process of monetary resettlement, in addition to giving farmers reasonable resettlement funds, they should also work closely with the financial sector to increase the credit line, solve the mortgage problem and provide them with necessary loan support for buying houses in cities.

Focusing on World Peace and Stable Development and Contributing to China’s Smart China Program (100 foreign political party politicians see the CCP)

  Figure 1: Aken Suwell, Chairman of Marmara Strategic and Social Research Foundation in Turkey.

Figure ②: Wu Wending, editor-in-chief of North Star magazine in Myanmar.

Fig. 3: awad, deputy editor-in-chief and expert on international issues.

Figure ④: Bubacar Seyni Gagaha, Deputy Secretary of Propaganda of the Socialist Party of Niger.

Information picture

  Montenegro North-South Expressway Project undertaken by China enterprises. image china

  From reform and opening up to overall poverty alleviation, from building the Community of Shared Future for Mankind concept to building a "the belt and road initiative", under the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC), China not only strode forward on the journey of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, but also continuously contributed China wisdom and China plan to world peace, stability and development, which won universal recognition from international people.

  Wu Wending, editor-in-chief of North Star magazine in Myanmar — —

  Based on the long-term, promote the continuous development of China.

  Our reporter Li Bingxin Zhou Zhuobin

  "I have been to many places in China, and I personally realized that the Communist Party of China (CPC) kept in mind the iron oath. I saw with my own eyes that the Communist Party of China (CPC) would not let a minority brother fall behind and always let the people of the whole country get rid of poverty and get rich together." Wu Wending, editor-in-chief of North Star magazine in Myanmar, has been paying close attention to the development of China. He said, "The deeper you know about China, the more you admire the Communist Party of China (CPC). I deeply feel that we and the people of China are a community of destiny. "

  Wu Wending knows a lot about China’s development achievements. He has been paying close attention to the Communist Party of China (CPC) news for a long time and kept close communication with his counterparts in China media. In recent years, he has reported on the high-level dialogue between the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the world’s political parties, and has come to China for many times to participate in the "the belt and road initiative" media cooperation forum and the Lancang River — Media exchange activities such as Mekong River Cooperation Media Summit. In 2017, at the invitation of the International Liaison Department of the CPC Central Committee and People’s Daily, Wu Wending participated in the "Asian Mainstream Media Investigation Group" and went to Beijing and Gansu for interviews and exchanges. What I saw and heard in China gave Wu Wending a deep understanding of the Communist Party of China (CPC)’s ruling philosophy. In Wu Wending’s view, it is under the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) that great changes have taken place in China from poverty and weakness in the past to prosperity and strength now.

  During the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Wu Wending came to China and made a lot of reports on many topics, such as ecological environment protection, grassroots pension, coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, and media integration development. After visiting the large-scale achievement exhibition of "Five Years of Hard Work", Wu Wending expressed sincere admiration for the brilliant achievements made by the Communist Party of China (CPC) in leading the people of China, and wrote a poem entitled "Red Star Shining in China" to express his admiration for the Communist Party of China (CPC). “‘ The Communist Party of China (CPC) comes from the people, lives for the people and prospers for the people ’ ‘ The Communist Party of China (CPC) is a party that strives for happiness for the people of China, and it is also a party that strives for the cause of human progress ’ I think that the Communist Party of China (CPC)’s feelings for the people are well reflected in these words. " He said.

  “中国共产党不仅把为人民谋幸福作为自己的头等大事,还积极倡导世界和平与发展。”吴温丁表示,新冠肺炎疫情防控期间,人们愈发意识到,人类社会是休戚与共的命运共同体,重大传染性疾病防控和全球公共卫生应急管理需要凝聚全人类的智慧和力量。“习近平主席提出的构建人类命运共同体理念具有重大世界意义。共建‘一带一路’是中国与沿线国家和地区分享发展机遇的实践,是构建人类命运共同体的重要举措,让世界人民看到了改善生活的希望。”吴温丁表示,“有些国家的政客只考虑下一次选举,而有远见卓识的政治家考虑的是下一代人。中国共产党的领导集体由有远见卓识的政治家组成,总是为下一代人考虑,做长远打算,推动中国不断向前发展。”

  Aken Suwell, Chairman of Marmara Strategic and Social Research Foundation in Turkey — —

  Benign interaction makes China society full of vitality.

  Our reporter Wang Chuanbao

  "The secret of China’s rapid growth into the world’s second largest economy lies in the Communist Party of China (CPC)’s strong leadership." Aken Suwell, Chairman of the Turkish Marmara Foundation for Strategic and Social Research, pointed out in an interview with this reporter that China, with a population of more than 1.4 billion, cannot move towards development and prosperity without effective policies and development roadmap formulated by the Communist Party of China (CPC).

  Suwell has been engaged in journalism for more than 20 years and interviewed leaders of many countries. He is a well-known current affairs critic in Turkey. In 1998, Sewell became the chairman of the Marmara Foundation for Strategic and Social Studies and founded the Eurasian Economic Summit, aiming at establishing a dialogue mechanism and promoting regional dispute settlement and peaceful development.

  Su Wei’s unique life experience gave him a profound understanding of human development. He believed that the Communist Party of China (CPC) had distinct principles and characteristics, always adhered to the people-oriented development concept, and made unremitting efforts to promote equality of rights, opportunities and rules, which won wide support from the people. The people believe in the Party, and the Party takes the people as the center. The benign interaction makes China society full of vitality.

  In 2013, China put forward the initiative of building a "the belt and road initiative" by coordinating the overall situation at home and abroad and focusing on the future of human development. This initiative follows the principle of co-construction, co-construction and sharing, and is strongly recognized by Sowell. He said, "the belt and road initiative" is an important peace project, which closely links the east and west ends of Asia, promotes economic cooperation and cultural integration, and lays a new foundation for human civilization and progress. "Build ‘ The belt and road initiative ’ It is not only the need to develop the economy and achieve a win-win situation, but also the requirement of the times and peace. " In order to deeply understand and study how to build a "the belt and road initiative", Sowell visited China for more than 10 times, exchanged ideas with China scholars, and introduced them to people from all walks of life after returning home. In the opening speech of the 22nd Eurasian Economic Summit held in 2019, Sowell repeatedly mentioned the joint construction of "the belt and road initiative", and this initiative became one of the important topics of the summit.

  Sowell said that last year, in the face of the sudden COVID-19 epidemic, the China government quickly took effective measures to control the spread of the epidemic, and became the only major economy in the world that achieved positive economic growth, fully demonstrating its institutional advantages. Sowell told reporters that he and his wife were vaccinated with COVID-19 vaccine from China. He said with emotion: "In this fight against the COVID-19 epidemic, the government and people of China not only fought for their own country, but also provided a lot of support and help to other countries in the world, such as vaccines, medicines and equipment from COVID-19. China’s concept of building Community of Shared Future for Mankind is becoming an ideological driving force to encourage countries to work together to deal with the epidemic. "

  Sewell pointed out that it is a great historical achievement for a political party to last for a hundred years. As a century-old party, the Communist Party of China (CPC) is full of infinite vitality. I believe that with its unremitting efforts, China will make new contributions to the development of human civilization.

  Awad, Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Sudan’s Shout and an expert on international issues — —

  An active and promising member of the international community.

  Our reporter Shang Kaiyuan

  “中国共产党的历史,是一部为实现目标宗旨而不懈奋斗的壮丽史诗,每一个篇章都值得认真研读。”苏丹《呐喊报》副主编、国际问题专家阿瓦德表示,中国共产党在漫长岁月中取得的成就,与其领导人的品质和能力牢不可分,同党与各族人民的血肉联系密切相关。

  阿瓦德认为,正是因为把命运牢牢掌握在自己手中,中国实现了理想目标,发展成为世界第二大经济体。中国共产党把马克思主义基本原理同中国具体实践相结合,走出了一条中国特色社会主义发展道路。“在当代,习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想是这一道路的最新成果,充分说明中国共产党和中国人民在实践、经验、思想等方面持续不断发展。”

  作为执政党,中国共产党采取切实有效的政策,鼓励人民群众开展创新活动,激发全社会的创新能力,为产业发展打开了广阔天地,在许多重要领域实现巨大飞跃。“发挥制度优势使中国科技快速发展,通过在战略性、基础性、前瞻性领域增加投入,中国提高了科研能力,并取得了一系列创新成果。”阿瓦德认为,中国对全球经济增长贡献巨大,在清洁能源、科技创新等领域的发展令人称赞。“我相信,中国人民将在中国共产党的领导下,信心百倍地贯彻执行党和国家的发展规划,实现中国梦。”

  Awad visited China for the first time in 2016 and participated in the first Asian-African Youth Festival. This experience provided him with an opportunity to get to know China on the spot. "The people of China have many advantages, such as seriousness and perseverance." Since then, he has visited China many times to participate in exchange activities, and his understanding of China is getting deeper and deeper. In awad’s view, the people of China are eager to know the world and hope to build a bridge of cooperation. the Communist Party of China (CPC) has also carried out constructive exchanges with political parties of various countries to promote cooperation and mutual trust between countries. "the Communist Party of China (CPC) is the largest political party in the world, and many political parties want to know their practical experience accumulated on the road to realizing the great rejuvenation of the nation." Awad said.

  Awad was deeply touched by China’s efforts to strengthen cooperation among countries in the world. China proposed to build a "the belt and road initiative" to promote policy communication, facilities connectivity, smooth trade, financial intermediation and popular support among countries. He said: "China is committed to pursuing common interests, realizing the common well-being of people of all countries and building a better world."

  During the epidemic prevention and control in COVID-19, China launched an initiative of uniting against the epidemic to the world, helping other countries to fight the epidemic with practical actions. Awad said: "This highlights that China is an active member of the international community and has a great influence on the just cause of the international community." At present, global economic recovery requires countries, especially major economies, to strengthen cooperation, and awad expects China to play a greater role in it.

  Bubacar Seyni Gagaha, Deputy Secretary of Propaganda of Niger People’s Socialist Party — —

  Not only maintain historical continuity, but also keep pace with the times.

  Our reporter Qiang Wei

  Bubacar Seyni Gagaha is the Deputy Secretary of Propaganda of the Niger ruling Party for Democracy and Socialism (PDPS) and the Director of the Archives Department of the Ministry of National Defense. In an interview with reporters recently, he said that he sincerely admired the Communist Party of China (CPC)’s century-long development. "Especially during the prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic, the world saw more clearly the institutional advantages of China under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and the People’s Socialist Party also regarded the Communist Party of China (CPC) as a role model for political parties."

  In July 2017, at the invitation of the International Liaison Department of the CPC Central Committee, Gagaha led a youth delegation of the People’s Socialist Party to visit China and visit Beijing, Shanghai, Ningbo, Chengdu and other cities. Before the visit, the members of the delegation knew little about China, especially the Communist Party of China (CPC)’s ruling style. "Through this visit, we found that under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the socialist democracy promoted by China is the most extensive, authentic and effective democracy. In China, the equal rights of the people are effectively guaranteed, and people of all ethnic groups are represented in the national legislature, and their legitimate rights and interests in all aspects can be safeguarded. " Gagaha said that another feature of China’s socialist democracy is the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system led by the Communist Party of China (CPC). "This system unites all forces to the greatest extent and breaks down obstacles for the sustainable development of China."

  这次访问给加加哈和全团成员留下了极为深刻的印象。“从回国那天起,我就一直想再次回到中国。每次别人问起我放长假希望去哪里,我的回答都是中国。中国有太多我想要进一步了解和学习的地方。”

  带着这样的想法,加加哈阅读了《习近平谈治国理政》《摆脱贫困》等书籍,经常浏览中国新闻媒体的法文版。加加哈说,通过不断增进对中国共产党的了解,他发现中国共产党具有许多显著特点。“第一,中国共产党提出的理论以实践作为支撑。只有这样的理论才能真正指导中国的建设实践,在此基础上制定的各项政策才符合中国实际需要。第二,中国共产党既保持了历史延续性,又做到与时俱进,领导人的治国理念一脉相承、不断发展。第三,中国共产党有严密的组织纪律以及坚定的理想信念,这保证了其长期有效运转,并始终明确执政目标。最后也是最重要的一点,中国共产党能够始终保持与人民群众的血肉联系。”加加哈指出,这些理论和实践经验对发展中国家政党加强自身建设很有帮助。

  In the interview, Gagaha told a story around him: "I chatted with a stranger while drinking tea at a street tea stall the other day. He told me that we should thank China. It is because of China that we can now have motorcycles running all over the street, watch TV and listen to radios that can be bought for one or two thousand CFA francs (about one hundred and twenty yuan). " Gagaha said: "This shows the influence of China on the development of Niger and Africa. The process of global industrialization has already started, but ordinary people in African countries have really begun to enjoy industrialized products more generally, which is inseparable from the role and influence of China’s rapid development in recent decades. "

  "The People’s Socialist Party has always regarded the Communist Party of China (CPC) as a rare true partner. We know that China and the Communist Party of China (CPC) really care about African countries and are really willing to help us develop. " Gagaha said with emotion.

  Layout design: Shen Yiling

Drogba celebrated his 45th birthday, and Blue Bridge won the title and helped Chelsea win 12 important trophies.

Live broadcast: On March 12th, Drogba celebrated his 45th birthday. The official Chelsea media showed a cartoon of Drogba bringing back the big ear cup for the Blues and sent birthday wishes to the legendary star.

Chelsea’s official social media wrote: "We hope you had a happy birthday."

Drogba played for the Blues twice before and after, and scored 157 goals for Chelsea in 341 games during his first time. In 2014-15, Drogba returned to Stamford Bridge and won the fourth Premier League title in his career. In addition, during his time at Chelsea, Drogba also won four FA Cup titles and three Carling Cup titles. What is important is that in 2012, Drogba helped the Blues beat Bayern and won the first Champions League trophy in the team’s history.

(Sky)

The neural network model inspired by biology greatly improves its memory ability.

Inspired by recent biological discoveries, researchers have developed a new model that shows enhanced memory performance. This is achieved by modifying a classic neural network. Computer models play a key role in studying the process of making and retaining memories and other complex information in the brain. However, building this model is a delicate task.

The intricate interaction between electrical and biochemical signals and the connection network between neurons and other cell types create the basic structure for the formation of memory. Nevertheless, due to the limited understanding of the basic biology of the brain, it has proved to be a difficult task to code the complex biology of the brain into a computer model for further study.

Researchers at Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) improved the widely used memory computer model (called Hopfield Network) by incorporating biological insights. This change has inspired a neural network, which not only better reflects the connection between neurons and other cells in the brain, but also has the ability to store more memories.

Thomas Burns, a doctoral student in the group of Professor Zhishu Shenjing, who is the head of OIST’s neurocoding and brain computing department, said that the increased complexity in the network makes it more realistic.

"Why is there so much complexity in biology? Memory may be one reason, "Mr. Burns said.

In the classical Hopfield network (left), each neuron (I, J, K, L) is connected with other neurons in pairs. In the improved network made by Burns and Professor Shenjing, three or more groups of neurons can be connected at the same time. Source: Thomas Burns (OIST)

Hopfield network stores memory as a weighted connection pattern between different neurons in the system. The network is "trained" to encode these patterns, and then researchers can test its memory of these patterns by presenting a series of vague or incomplete patterns to see if the network can recognize them as patterns it already knows. However, in the classical Hopfield network, the neurons in the model are connected with other neurons in the network to form a series of so-called "paired" connections.

Paired connections represent the connection between two neurons at the synapse, which is the connection point between two neurons in the brain. But in reality, neurons have complex branching structures called dendrites, which provide multiple connection points, so the brain relies on more complex synaptic arrangements to complete its cognitive work. In addition, the connections between neurons are regulated by other cell types called astrocytes.

Burns explained: "There are only paired connections between neurons in the brain, which is simply unrealistic. He created an improved Hopfield network, in which not only pairs of neurons, but also three, four or more groups of neurons can be connected, such as astrocytes and dendritic trees in the brain. "

Although the new network allows these so-called "collective" connections, on the whole, it contains the same number of connections as before. The researchers found that a hybrid network with paired connections and collective connections performed best and retained the most memory. They estimate that its effect is more than twice that of the traditional Hopfield network.

It turns out that you actually need to balance the combination of various features to some extent, Burns said. A single synapse is necessary, but you should also need some dendritic trees and some astrocytes.

Hopfield networks are very important for simulating brain processes, but they also have powerful other uses. For example, a very similar network type called Transformers is a language tool based on artificial intelligence, such as ChatGPT, so the improvements identified by Burns and Professor Shenjing may also make such tools more powerful.

Burns and his colleagues plan to continue to study their modified Hopfield networks to make them more powerful. For example, in the brain, the connection strength between neurons is usually different in two directions, so researchers want to know whether this asymmetric feature can also improve the performance of the network. In addition, he also wants to explore ways to make the memories of the network interact, just as they do in the human brain. Our memory is multifaceted and huge. We still have a lot to discover. "