Skiers who are easily injured at the freezing point

Jiang Tao practiced slope obstacle skills at Beijing Nanshan Ski Resort. Photo courtesy of respondents
During the Beijing Winter Olympics, an orthopedic surgeon wrote in Weibo: Today, 9 operations, 7 were skiing, 4 anterior cruciate ligaments were broken, 1 patella was dislocated, 1 ankle joint was injured, and 1 meniscus was injured. He sighed with emotion: "At the end of the snowy road is orthopedics." This quip was posted on Weibo Hot Search.
When people praise the fashionable men and women in the ski resort on social media, they will not think that skiing is a sport with high risk factor when they look at the bright snow clothes and red faces set off by the "natural reflector". According to the survey data of the National Trauma Data Center, there are 17 million skiers in the United States every year, with 200,000 emergency visits and 7,000 hospitalizations due to skiing injuries. China’s survey data also shows that the injury rate of skiing is 14%. It is reported that every 1000 skiers have an average daily injury of 0.5-3 cases. Judging from the incidence of injuries, skiing has a greater risk of injuries than swimming and mountain climbing.
Every winter, the rehabilitation center of the Institute of Sports Medicine of the State Sports General Administration always welcomes more patients from ski resorts. Qi Tianyi, a rehabilitation therapist who has worked here for many years, told the reporter of China Youth Daily and China Youth Network that skiing is characterized by high kinetic energy and high potential energy, which is easy to cause serious injuries. The injuries he saw caused by skiing were mainly clavicle fracture, rotator cuff injury, wrist fracture and anterior cruciate ligament rupture of knee joint. The sports injury characteristics of snowboarders are different from those of snowboarders. Snowboarding skiers often have wrist injuries because they have more movements with their hands on the ground, and the probability of injury is as high as 20.4-37.8%. However, snowboarders often suffer from knee ligament injury because of good fixation below the knee joint. The comprehensive injury rate of anterior cruciate ligament and medial collateral ligament of adult knee joint is 33.1%.
The athletes of the national training team of the front double-board freestyle skiing platform experienced the rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint. At that time, he was just doing a familiar warm-up action. "I heard a bang in my ear the moment I landed. I don’t know what was disconnected, but it came to my ears, and that’s the sound. " The severe pain attacked him and stopped after a few minutes, replacing it with a feeling of numbness. He thought he was better and continued to slide for a while, but found that it was wrong. "The thigh and calf seemed to be detached." This year, Gao Shang underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction and meniscus suture, which requires transplanting a ligament from the thigh to the knee.
Studies have shown that the knee accounts for about one-third of all public skiing injuries. According to Qi Tianyi, this mainly exists in the snowboarding event. Before the 1980s, skiing equipment was not sophisticated enough, and more injuries were caused to the feet. Later, the equipment became more and more wrapped, and the position of the injuries began to move upwards. "Better wrapping below the knee joint is disastrous for the knee joint. During the exercise, more torque will be transmitted to the knee joint, so the injury rate of the knee joint is on the rise. "
Qi Tianyi was once employed by the Winter Sports Management Center of the State General Administration of Sport, and has done sports rehabilitation for athletes such as Sui Wenjing and Han Cong. Every year before winter, the head teacher will always say, "There are many broken legs and hands recently, so we should get busy." Different from the acute injuries in winter sports, the patients they receive in summer are more chronic strain. It has been a long time to rehabilitate skiers, and Qi Tianyi himself has "entered the pit". He likes double board freestyle skiing and can make a simple 180-degree turn on the platform. He became a "friend of a rehabilitation teacher" for skiers, and sometimes he caught patients who came to ski again before they recovered. Later, in his hospital, he was responsible for most cases of skiing injuries.
The patient who impressed Qi Tianyi the most was a skier who had torn the anterior cruciate knee joint, medial collateral ligament and lateral collateral ligament. That patient was injured around 2017. Because of the deep degree of injury, he did not intervene in rehabilitation treatment in time, and he still can’t complete the whole squat movement until now.
Athletes are noble and have the habit of writing sports summaries. After the reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee, the 19-year-old athlete, who has been snowing for 7 years, wrote: "It was hard for me to accept at first, but I didn’t expect my body to be so’ fragile’ sometimes." Fragility is unfamiliar to him. In the past five years, he felt that he had been in good health. Although he was tired after skiing, he could recover the next day. The injury made him feel "particularly helpless".
When he was recovering, he watched skiing videos on social networking sites, and he liked Henrik harlaut, a Swedish freestyle skier best. This is his idol that has never changed since he came into contact with skiing at the age of 12. They like the same music, even their dressing styles are similar-wide sleeves and hip-hop style. Noble imitates Henrik harlaut’s skiing style, and feels that he skates naturally and smoothly.
This year, he watched almost all the snow events in the Beijing Winter Olympics. "Very emotional", he was so close to them, and now they stand in the Olympic Games. In July, 2020, Gao Shang fell behind the training due to a muscle strain in his right thigh, leaving the national training team and returning to the provincial team.
Guo Jingduo, a former freestyle skiing slope obstacle skill and national training team athlete with big platform, had similar experience with him. Last summer, when training in Chengdu dry snow field, he landed on his back, fractured his spine and suffered a sharp pain in his back for an instant. His teammates came to see him. He was so painful that he couldn’t speak, had difficulty breathing, and felt numb in his legs and couldn’t move. The operation finally left a wound in the center of his back. The doctor said that this position is very dangerous, and it will almost lead to paralysis of the lower body. This injury directly prompted him to choose to retire.
Half a year after the injury, Guo Jingduo resumed his normal exercise and life to a certain extent, but he could not completely return to the past. The most terrible thing is fear. "This is not a question of whether we can continue the game, but that we almost can’t live a normal life." In the Beijing Winter Olympics, he became a technical official in Zhangjiakou Division, and went up the mountain to maintain the snow trail at 5 am every day. He witnessed many athletes younger than him win medals. When Su Yiming won the silver, he was at the scene, "very envious".
During the Beijing Winter Olympics, Qi Tianyi watched the game on the screen. He called those athletes who got along with each other day and night and brought them back to health personally "biological athletes". During the athletes’ rehabilitation training, they spend all the time together except sleeping.
They didn’t talk about their fear of injury, but Qi Tianyi could see it from their reaction. For example, resisting training and not wanting to leave the room. In the face of pain, some people don’t understand and doubt at first, and keep thinking "why are you hurt"; Then there is sadness and depression; Finally, some people began to rebuild their confidence and know "what should I do now?"
In January, Jiang Tao was at Beijing Nanshan Ski Resort. Photo courtesy of respondents
In the amateur skiing circle outside the competitive sports field, some people are still "dead" with injuries. Jiang Tao, a 49-year-old skier, has experienced muscle fracture, brachial plexus injury, concussion and shoulder glenoid lip tear. He always felt that 80% of the injuries could be avoided. "Most injuries are caused by doing things beyond your ability, recklessness, or sheer ignorance."
After 10 years of skiing, Jiang Tao knows more and more about his body. He always keeps an ice pack at home, and every time he goes skiing, he will ice his joints. He found that "people’s feelings about their bodies are very subtle". Jiang Tao regards injuries as part of skiing. Due to the right brachial plexus injury, his right arm is only half as strong as his left arm. It took him half a year to recover. At first, he couldn’t hold chopsticks, brush his teeth and take care of himself. But he doesn’t feel that these injuries have cost him anything. Because he likes skiing, he accepted these pains and disabilities together.
He learned to get along with his fears. Every time I come back to the snowy road after recovery, I always have the shadow of injury in my heart. With this kind of fear, the action will not be done well. But you know that fear and anxiety will pass. He gradually "accepted it". When this action is repeated for the second time and the third time, and he can land smoothly, he will know that the hurdle in his heart has slowly passed.
He figured out the reason for his injury: once he made a breakthrough, he would fall into excitement, "thinking that he is very powerful and wants to be a better one." This time, you will often get hurt. He observed the training of professional ski teams, and after one action was made twice, the coach would ask the athletes to stop and practice for other actions. He gradually realized that in sports, he should also be restrained and sober. Now when skiing, he often says to his companions, "You remind me not to get excited."
On February 28, I was in the noble of rehabilitation training. Photo courtesy of respondents
As a friend and rehabilitation therapist of Jiang Tao, Qi Tianyi was very pleased to see that he would protect himself more and more. For novice skiers, Qi Tianyi told them to be "ready to go again". This is the famous saying of Raymond Li, a famous sports rehabilitation teacher. Ordinary people want to ski, first of all, they should have sufficient physical reserves, and secondly, they should warm up for about 15-20 minutes. After warm-up, the choice of equipment is also very important. When skiing, even ordinary people can easily reach a high speed of more than 50 kilometers per hour, and appropriate equipment can give people maximum protection. For example, helmets can reduce the death rate of concussion by 60%.
Qi Tianyi also saw that even though the injury brought great pain to people, many people regarded rehabilitation as a new turning point in their lives. Some patients went to the University of Southern California to study for a degree in rehabilitation after undergoing rehabilitation treatment. The above-mentioned patient, who was unable to squat completely due to serious injury, did not leave the ski resort and became the owner of the ski shop, promoting scientific winter sports.
Jiang Tao, 49, is used to injuries. At first, he was injured and didn’t dare to go home. He wanted to stay in a hotel near the snow field for one night. Now his family can’t support him, but they can understand him. He can’t explain why he likes skiing. He thought, from a very young age, people were divided into two groups, one likes sliding slides and the other doesn’t. "You say why people slide, what’s the point, why do you like this? This is human nature and there is nothing to explain. "
The 19-year-old Gao feels that his sports career is still long, and he still regards the Olympic Games as his dream. He knew that someone who fell might not get up again, but he didn’t.
Zhongqingbao Zhongqingwang Trainee Reporter Guo Yujie Source: China Youth Daily
Source: China Youth Daily
Reporting/feedback

Japanese badminton beauty group rises fast, Beijing Olympic Games competes for medals (Figure)

  


  Since last year, Japanese women’s doubles have sprung up, and soon replaced South Korean Lee Kyung won/Lee Hyo jung as a new force to compete with the powerful China women’s doubles. Even Tian Bingyi, head coach of China women’s doubles, said: Japanese women’s doubles have made rapid progress in recent years, and their impact on us has surpassed that of the Korean team to some extent.


  At present, the Japanese team has three pairs of strong women’s doubles, among which Reiko Shiota/Kumiko Ogura, who is called a beauty group by many media, has the best record and can be called the first women’s doubles in Japan today.


  Childhood opponent, today’s partner


  Reiko Shiota and Kumiko Ogura started practicing badminton just by learning to play. After practicing badminton, they have different joys and sorrows. On September 30th, 1983, Reiko Shiota was born in Fukuoka Prefecture. In the first grade of primary school, at the invitation of her friends, she entered Kyoto Club, a famous badminton school in Japan, and began to practice badminton. Reiko Shiota, who was just going to have fun at first, underwent "devil training" at school. She not only had to practice basic skills, but also ran marathons. It was common for her to be beaten for being lazy. In her memory, she never felt that playing badminton was a happy thing.


  On July 5, 1983, Kumiko Ogura was born in Mie Prefecture. At the age of 8, influenced by her sister, she began to practice badminton. Like Reiko Shiota, Kumiko Ogura just started playing and just learned to play. But unlike her future partner, playing ball is a kind of enjoyment for Kumiko Ogura. She likes to fight for every point and doesn’t like to have a rest.


  In the sixth grade, Reiko Shiota and Kumiko Ogura met for the first time. Reiko Shiota beat Kumiko Ogura in the women’s singles quarter-final of the Japanese national primary school competition. Now, Reiko Shiota has no impression of the game, but Kumiko Ogura has a deep memory. She said that it was very good to play in Chaotian at that time, not like a primary school student at all. In the second grade of junior high school, the two met again in the women’s singles semi-final of the Japanese youth competition, and Reiko Shiota won again.


  Two years later, the two men who entered high school were first put together in a youth training camp in Japan. At the beginning of the cooperation, they felt very tacit understanding, which was nothing like the first cooperation. Later, they were arranged to train with older players. Reiko Shiota said: "When I first cooperated with Xiao Yun, I was not very interested in doubles, but it was a pleasure to beat the older players in the competition." After graduating from high school, Reiko Shiota and Kumiko Ogura joined Sanyo Electric Company and started working and training together.


  Stiffness and softness complement each other.


  Looking at the game between Reiko Shiota and Kumiko Ogura, we can find that their styles are very different-Reiko Shiota is gentle when hitting the ball, but Kumiko Ogura is powerful; Reiko Shiota likes to observe his opponents in the game and plays strategically. Kumiko Ogura prefers to confront his opponent directly.


  On the field, Reiko Shiota is a careful person. She always leads Kumiko Ogura like a commander and creates opportunities for her to attack. Off the court, Reiko Shiota is like a careless sister. Every training session, Kumiko Ogura will gather 10 minutes in advance, while Reiko Shiota is not so punctual. When staying in a hotel for a competition abroad, Kumiko Ogura always gets up early and is responsible for waking Reiko Shiota up. The key to the door is also kept by a careful little coffin.


  Reiko Shiota feels that her psychological quality still needs to be strong. She hopes to participate in more competitions and accumulate experience, so as to build her confidence. Kumiko Ogura is always confident, and her spike speed reaches 260 km/h, making her a rare heavy gunner in the Japanese women’s team. Kumiko Ogura likes to entertain foolish ideas at ordinary times, so Reiko Shiota encourages her not to be influenced by others, and to have her own opinions. After they joined Sanyo Electric Company in 2002, they were strongly trained by China’s coach Ding Qiqing, and their level rose rapidly.


  Their different personalities make them form a good complement on and off the court, and they gradually become the best women’s doubles players in Japan. In 2004, Reiko Shiota/Kumiko Ogura won the Japanese women’s doubles championship for the first time, and qualified for the Athens Olympic Games. Unfortunately, because Kumiko Ogura broke his left little finger before the Olympic Games, they failed to board the flight to Athens.


  Athens regrets Beijing’s bid for medals


  When Kumiko Ogura participated in the national competition in the sixth grade, her parents joked that "you can go to the Olympic Games in the future". After she really qualified for the Olympic Games but lost the opportunity, Xiao Yun was very disappointed. She recalled: "It was really frustrating to quit the competition because of injury. After that, I made up my mind to challenge the Beijing Olympic Games four years later. " Reiko Shiota said, "When I was a child, I never thought about the Olympic Games at all, and I didn’t think I had the talent to be an athlete. It was not until Xiao Yun invited me to join Sanyo Electric Company that we began to participate in the Olympic points competition and saw the possibility of participating in the Olympic Games. I want to thank Xiao Yun. Without her, I can’t go to the Olympic Games alone. "


  At the 2004 Athens Olympic Games, Reiko Shiota and Kumiko Ogura were spectators sitting in front of the TV. Kumiko Ogura secretly vowed that she would stand on the Olympic stage one day after seeing "Miss Judo" Gu Liangzi win the first gold medal in Athens Olympic Games for the Japanese team.


  Since 2005, Reiko Shiota and Kumiko Ogura have stood out in international competitions, and they have spread their dream wings to fly towards the Beijing Olympic Games. In the 2005 Danish Open, they defeated China’s Zhang Yawen/Zhang Dan and England’s Ames/Clogg successively, and won the women’s doubles gold medal in this five-star international competition for the Japanese team.


  In the 2006 Asian Games in Doha, Reiko Shiota/Kumiko Ogura met China’s Yang Wei/Bonita in the semi-final, and they lost to their opponents after three sets of bitter battles. Despite losing to Yang Wei/Bonita in succession, Reiko Shiota/Kumiko Ogura is making progress. By playing against the players from China, they found out the ball path of Yang Wei/Bonita and improved their confrontation ability. In 2007, they met Yang Wei/Bonita for the sixth time in the quarterfinals of Malaysian Super Tournament, and defeated their opponents for the first time, resulting in a big upset.


  At the World Championships in August this year, Kumiko Ogura and Reiko Shiota were ranked as the sixth seeds, and they will make it to the semi-finals. In the semi-final, Kumiko Ogura and Reiko Shiota took advantage of the disadvantage of both Gao Kun and Huang Sui, and created a lot of trouble for Gao Kun/.Although they lost the game, they still created their best record in the World Championships.


  Now, Reiko Shiota/Kumiko Ogura, whose record and appearance are equally outstanding, not only appear in badminton teaching programs of major Japanese TV stations, but also serve as beverage spokespersons, publish photo albums and appear in movies, and even coach Ding Qiqing laments their high popularity. Ding Qiqing said that Reiko Shiota/Kumiko Ogura had a relaxed mentality when they played. They trained five days a week, working in the morning and training in the afternoon. Although there is a big gap with China’s athletes in strength and speed, they still set the goal of winning medals in the Beijing Olympic Games. At present, Reiko Shiota/Kumiko Ogura’s primary goal is to do a good job in the Olympic points competition, enter the top 16 in the world, and ensure the qualification for the Olympic Games.


  One year before the Beijing Olympic Games, Reiko Shiota/Kumiko Ogura expressed his earnest expectation for the Olympic Games next year in an interview with the Japanese newspaper Asahi Shimbun. Reiko Shiota said: "The Olympic Games four years ago was still a vague dream for me. Now, it is not only a goal, but also something I must accomplish." Kumiko Ogura, on the other hand, said that we must turn the regrets four years ago into the driving force for progress. They believe that they will have a day in dreams may come at the 2008 Olympic Games.

Editor: Shuo Yang

culture

Mr. Mao Zedong once said: "China’s long-term feudal society has created splendid ancient culture." This shows the importance of culture to a society and even a country. A long history of civilization requires us to pass it on; The touching spirit wants us to continue; Up and down five thousand years of history, want us to pass on. This is the youth in New China, and this is what Mr. Mao Zedong calls the sun at eight or nine o’clock in the morning.

Chinese culture is profound and has a long history. The history of 5,000 years has also made foreign friends admire and admire it. There is only history to have the present, and only the ruins know the rise and fall. Therefore, only by inheriting the traditional culture can we cultivate ourselves and govern the country. Dare to ask which 21st century teenager doesn’t have such a dream? In Jing Ke Stabbed the King of Qin, when Jing Ke went to Qin, the ministers were in tears, but Jing Ke couldn’t bear to look at it, leaving an eternal famous sentence: "The wind is rustling and the water is cold, and the strong man will never return when he is gone." Which of Yan Wang, Jing Ke and Qin Wang in this article does not want their country to be prosperous, their people to live and work in peace and contentment, and their history and culture to be passed down by themselves?

Dynasties are not immutable, and culture is not. If a nation and a country do not have their own unique culture, then I think this country is not far from extinction. Why did Qin Shihuang burn books to bury Confucianism? Code of hammurabi, the first written code in human history, Athens, the first democratic country in human history, many firsts in human history, the first detailed chronicle history book in China history, and many firsts in China history all confirm what Emerson once said: "Culture opens the perception of beauty." Beauty refers not only to the beauty of image, but also to the perfection of culture. "Beauty" runs through us, and culture is interspersed among us. "Cultural progress is the law of the world, and cultural progress is also the trend of China." China people’s ideological and cultural progress, quality of life progress, scientific research progress, medical services progress. China has been making progress, and so have the people of China! In just 70 years, culture has brought us not only cohesion, but also our fighting capacity!

Huang Quanyu: Education should not only train "candidates", but also train "students".

Huang Quanyu: Education should not only train "candidates", but also train "students".

Education Thought Network was published in Beijing at 12: 03 on November 30, 2023.

The following article comes from Guangming Society educator and author Li Xiangyu.

Guangming society educator.

Educator is an education weekly headed by Guangming Daily. Spread powerful ideas and influence aspiring teachers.

Why did the children who started first fall behind? Why did my son and other Asian children abandon American children for seventy or eighty blocks, but they were caught up in high school? Why do most of the top 100 universities in the world "sit in rows and eat fruit" in the United States? Why did the United States win 333 Nobel Prizes in Science by 2021? Why is it that in the United States, where basic mathematics education has been suspended all the way, by 2021, only "Harvard people" (including alumni, on-the-job workers, part-time workers, etc.) have won 18 Fields Prizes, the highest international prize in mathematics … In the new book "Fundamentals of Education", the author Huang Quanyu has stripped the cocoon of silk, focused on the educational stories, educational phenomena and educational concepts observed in China and the United States for more than 30 years, and analyzed the complexity behind it.

Education should not only train "candidates", but also train "students"

Educator: There is a core point in your new book Fundamentals of Education: Education should not only train "candidates" to learn the knowledge of the known world, but also train "students" to explore the unknown world. What do you think is the key breakthrough to change the "test-based" learning style and thinking mode?

Huang QuanyuThere are two breakthroughs in "exam-oriented": one is mechanism, and the other is concept. The mechanism can be changed when the time comes, such as "double reduction" But people’s ideas, without a trace, follow like a shadow … The mechanism has changed, and ideas often lag behind.

Many Chinese (including me, a "quality education expert") have come to the United States, and the concept of "exam-oriented education" has also swept over Haiti. When I first arrived in the United States, I thought American primary education was too trifling, so I bought different versions of math textbooks and asked my son to teach himself four pages a day. In the second grade of primary school, he taught himself mathematics in the eighth grade (equivalent to the second grade). We ask the school to let our son skip to the third grade to listen to a math class every week. There are three unforgettable sentences in the teacher’s letter: children are good at "arithmetic" skills; What the school teaches is "mathematics"; We should "cherish mathematics". At that time, I was extremely unconvinced.

My son finished college calculus in high school, and got almost full marks in mathematics in SAT-II, the national college entrance examination in the United States, but after going to college, he talked about the color change of "number". Recalling the teacher’s letter that year, the teacher seems to have expected more than ten years ago that this kind of "volume" would keep children away from mathematics that had brought him countless glory.

In the eyes of many people, "taking an examination" means "recording", and there is no distinction between "taking an examination" and "recording". If you pass the exam, you will be admitted; The test score is the admission standard.

Marlin McGrath, director of the Admissions Committee of Harvard University, said: "Harvard receives about 500 applications from SAT perfect scores every year. For example, in 2015, the admission rate of Harvard was only 5%, which means that only 20 of these perfect applicants can get what they want. This shows that grades are not the most important part, it just reflects a student’s performance from an academic perspective. " It is reported that at present, 70%~80% of American universities no longer require applicants to submit SAT or ACT scores (equivalent to applying for universities without the "college entrance examination").

Education should not only train "candidates" to learn the knowledge of the known world, but also train "students" to explore the unknown world. We should start from the end, change the "exam-oriented" learning mode and thinking mode, and implement the separation of "recognizing both points and people".

Educator: "Quality education" was first put forward in China in the mid-1980s. Nearly 40 years have passed, and now many parents still question, "Why is it that the more quality education is advocated, the greater the pressure on children to study, the more anxious parents are, and the more time, energy and money families spend?" What do you think of this?

Huang QuanyuActually, "exam-oriented" and "exam-oriented education" are two different concepts. As the name implies, "taking the exam" means "coping with the exam". Examination is the helplessness of education. As a means, it has to be used, but it cannot be overused. Therefore, even quality education needs to "cope with exams". But exam-oriented education is an educational mechanism, and examination is only one of the means to test teaching. When this means has become the only purpose of the whole education, the essence of education has been subverted-it has become "what to teach and learn".

The fundamental difference between exam-oriented education and quality-oriented education is that "test" students VS "study" students. The former repeats the knowledge of the known world, while the latter explores the unknown world. The core of quality education includes stimulating innovation, emancipating personality, respecting human nature, encouraging independence, being brave in questioning, daring to seek differences, being good at discovering, promoting scientific research, applying what they have learned, rooting in society, nurturing leaders and strengthening their physique … The exam-oriented education around exams is essentially different from the quality education that develops children’s potential.

We need to be alert to two anxiety misunderstandings. One is to "climb vines" as the goal of life, which is a kind of exam-oriented education in disguise (just like I asked my son to teach himself four pages of mathematics every day, and he learned the content of the second grade in the second grade of primary school), so he was anxious. Second, I mistakenly think that climbing vines is not bitter, and quality education is not bitter. Many foreign students from famous universities in China find that the United States is miserable with a quiz every three days and a big exam every five days.

But the exam has a thought-provoking trend: one day, I was shocked by a string of data! In Ohio, the passing rate of students in all subjects from grade 4 in elementary school to grade 12 in high school is: the lower the grade, the lower the passing rate; The higher the grade, the higher the passing rate. Once again, it was a national phenomenon. For example, the score of the "Iowa Basic Skills Examination" in the United States is "the higher the grade, the better the score", except for the score of "Mathematical Calculation" in the eighth grade, which is lower than the score of 72 in the seventh grade. This trend goes against our common sense: the lower the grade, the lower the study intensity and the better the grades; On the contrary, the higher the grade, the higher the study intensity and the lower the grades.

One goes up, the other goes down … After the two directions meet, the reverse gap will get bigger and bigger. "Double reduction" corrected the phenomenon of violating the law of educational development. We should take advantage of the "double reduction" to reflect on the "leaders" at the starting line. Only if we are not afraid of "double reduction" and "slow down first" can we "fast after" in the future.

Don’t be involved in the "in-house" volume, but realize it outside the "in-house"

Educator: Many students studying in the United States or their parents said that education in the United States is also very "rolled up", and "climbing vines" is not necessarily more stressful than "college entrance examination". Please combine your observation and research on American education to talk about your views on this.

Huang QuanyuIn fact, Chinese, students studying in the United States and their parents are a bit confusing. The New York Times once launched a long commentary, pointing out that my book TheHybridTiger has answered the question that puzzled Americans for many years: Why do Asians only account for 4.43% of the American population, and prestigious schools such as Harvard set an invisible admission ceiling for Asians, but the top 20 universities in the United States still admit about 20% of Asian students; Asians are the ethnic group with the most master’s and doctoral degrees per capita, and the average annual family income is the highest in the United States. I use the "dual-core theory" to refute the "tiger mother": only by absorbing the essence of Chinese and American education can a "hybrid tiger" emerge.

At the same time, I put forward a heart-wrenching question: although Asian students account for about 20% of the top 20 universities in the United States, why are the Asian students in the top 20% (Nobel Prize winners, great scientists, professors, barristers, big entrepreneurs, etc.) far from 20%?

When my son was 5 years old, the first English sentence he learned was "Where is the bath? (where is the toilet) ". He is now the youngest trial lawyer and holding partner of a world-renowned law firm, and was awarded the honor of "Star of Tomorrow" trial lawyer in 2021 by Law360. In 2022, Business Insider listed him and 15 other trial lawyers as the "stars of tomorrow" of the year. But he always wins in the bureau and "plays" under the legal provisions designed by others. He never thought of being the top 20% outside the bureau-to design and formulate legal provisions and let others "play".

We like to play games and win games in the office. Exam-oriented education is also about seeing who has soaked in the sea of questions-fighting for the win or loss of the known world in the "bureau", rather than jumping to the "outside" to realize their own things. Many children aim to go to a prestigious school or above. Since they have achieved their goals, who has the motivation and courage to "break the game"?

Is there a question mark (question) or a full stop (conclusion) in the question of education? In my opinion, it is illogical and contrary to common sense to think that "solving problems" is more important than "asking questions". From a psychological point of view, it is depressing human nature not to cultivate children’s ability to find problems, but to emphasize the ability to solve problems. I teach American students and always leave time for questions. If the teacher asks "Any more questions" and the students say "No problem", it means that the teacher has a problem. Guided by "questioning", the more problems arise, the more students’ curiosity, exploration spirit and subjective initiative to solve problems can be stimulated.

Educator: You think it is flawed to regard education as a "trinity" (the "trinity" refers to family education, school education and social education), because this conclusion excludes people’s self-education. Suhomlinski said: "Only education that can inspire children to educate themselves is the real education." And our education has shortcomings in this respect. In your opinion, what levels and subjects should be exerted to stimulate children’s awareness of self-education?

Huang Quanyu"Question mark first" or "period first" convey different educational views. Self-education can also give feedback to different educational views: either stimulate the awakening of self-education consciousness or delay the development of self-awakening.

The "class-taking system" is the most perplexing, tormenting, struggling and uncomfortable part for China students in American universities, so here I try to analyze the relationship between the class-taking system and self-education.

On the one hand, individuality and creativity are inseparable.. Therefore, the premise of cultivating creativity is to protect and liberate children’s personality. The theory of multiple intelligences tells us that children have different personality characteristics. Therefore, the system of taking classes should emancipate the personality and give full play to the talents. Emancipating personality is a process of children’s self-knowledge.

On the other hand, independence can also awaken the self.. How to "take classes"? What "class" Why do you "walk" these "classes" like this? Children must complete this thinking and choice independently. When my son was 15 years old, he wrote about the confusion, pain and struggle in class. Taking classes is not a simple course selection process, but a difficult mental process of self-discovery, self-understanding, self-liberation, self-selection and independence, and starting to find an independent life plan for yourself.

Therefore, I suggest that places where conditions permit in China try to take classes from junior high school.

Educator: Education should lead the future and be forward-looking; The baton of education should not be the college entrance examination, but the demand for talents in the future society. Why do most people understand this view, but still fall into the vortex of "involution"? How do educators find a balance between "basing on the present" and "focusing on the long term"?

Huang QuanyuYou can’t live today without grades, but you can’t live tomorrow with grades. To achieve "balance", we need to think about the following three issues-

First, what is the basis of education? ChatGPT was born, only rote memorization and brushing questions, but today it can’t do AI! It is the foundation of education that robots are "helpless" such as criticism, independence, creativity, spiritual nourishment, personality cultivation, moral cultivation and socialization.

Second, what is the standard of talents? If schools, families and society all think that they are experts in brushing questions, the so-called "foresight" needs "general education" to balance. Drawing lessons from the practice of European and American universities, general education is given before sophomore year, and then majors are divided, giving "self-education" a buffering and self-adjusting judgment opportunity.

Third, publicize the pluralistic concept of "360 lines, each line is the best". No matter whether you go to college or vocational high school, you should seriously think about the two difficult problems of "what you want to do" and "what you can do" when you leave class.

In order to avoid falling into the vortex of "involution", you can refer to the following practices-

First, one day of the year is designated as "Take Children to Work Day". Let children know their parents’ ways of living and their joys and sorrows.

Secondly, one day every year or every semester is designated as "career shadow day". Children can go to the institutions they are interested in, such as police stations, hospitals, barbershops, etc., and follow their "ideal professional models" to observe and experience life.

Third, classify all walks of life through "career interest analysis" to help children plan their lives.. Teenagers often don’t know the relationship between "what they want to do" and "what they can do". What they want to do may not be capable, and what they can do may not be. For example, my son wanted to be a doctor, and later he became interested in lawyers. His final career order was law, medical care, science and art. Ten years later, he went to Columbia University Law School and became a lawyer after graduation. Many of his colleagues are inherited from their fathers. But our family has nothing to do with the law, which also reflects the potential significance of "career interest analysis"

Even if the problems of "what you want to do" and "what you can do" are solved, you will often go through four stages of "social and cultural shock" after entering the society (honeymoon stage, depression stage, recovery and adjustment stage and adaptation stage). This kind of forward-looking homework can shorten this stage for children and find a "balance point" as soon as possible.

AI governance also needs "steering wheel" and "brake pad". How can Shangtang Technology achieve reality-oriented?

Shangtang Technology has implemented the "reality-oriented" concept of digital world development into its own practical development to promote the integrated development of digital economy and real economy.

"Investment Times" reporter Su Hui

In 2023, the two national conferences arrived as scheduled. The reporter of Investment Times noticed that compared with previous years, there was a new change in the two sessions this year, that is, representatives of a number of head Internet technology companies no longer served as NPC deputies or Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference members due to the expiration of their terms of office, and they successfully completed a new and old transition with the new generation of technology leaders.

For example, He Xiaopeng, chairman of Xpeng Motors, Chen Tianshi, chairman of CAMBRIAN artificial intelligence (AI) chip company, Cao Peng, chairman of technical committee of JD.COM Group, and Kelly Y Zhou, founder and CEO of Zhihu, were all elected as deputies to the National People’s Congress or members of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference for the first time. This time, they participated in the two sessions, and they also made active preparations for field research, offering suggestions and suggestions for the development of the industry and a better life.

"Scientific and technological innovation" has always been an important topic to be discussed at the two sessions every year, and the two sessions have always been an important vane for the development of domestic scientific and technological innovation. In this year’s related discussions of the two sessions, the words "cutting-edge technology" such as ChatGPT, humanoid robot and autonomous driving of AI model appeared frequently. A number of representatives in the fields of network security and industrial manufacturing also put forward key suggestions on protecting data security and the development of digital economy.

As a leading artificial intelligence software company in the industry, Shangtang Technology keeps a close eye on digitalization.

In recent years, the digital transformation of agriculture, manufacturing and service industries has been accelerated, which is promoting profound changes in the mode of production of enterprises, lifestyle of residents and social governance. In 2021, the scale of industrial digitalization reached 37.18 trillion yuan, a nominal increase of 17.2% year-on-year, accounting for 81.7% of the digital economy and 32.5% of GDP, and the digital transformation of industry continued to accelerate in depth.

Shangtang Technology relies on AIDC and Shang Tang AI Cloud to create an innovation engine for the digital transformation of traditional industries and deeply stimulate the industrial potential.

AIDC, an artificial intelligence computing center located in Shanghai Lingang, is an AI infrastructure built by Shangtang Technology for digital transformation of the whole industry. AIDC is an important part and physical bearing of computing infrastructure layer in SenseCore Shang Tang AI large-scale device. With multiple leading advantages such as super-large-scale elastic computing power, low computing power cost, high security and low network delay, AIDC builds an innovative base, and drives the upgrading of AI production capacity with higher efficiency and lower cost.

It also opened the technical capabilities of Shang Tang AI big devices to its partners through AIDC, launched SenseCore Shang Tang AI Cloud, a one-stop AI basic service platform, transplanted AI capabilities to the cloud, realized AI as a service AIaaS, provided enterprises with "inclusive, flexible and open" AI infrastructure products and services, promoted the process of AI industrialization and accelerated the digital transformation of the whole industry.

Through Shang Tang AI Cloud, customers can realize the mass production and deployment of high-quality AI algorithms in an efficient, automated and intensive way without deep professional knowledge and huge capital investment, quickly get through the long tail demand in various vertical industries and improve the value chain.

On the other hand, Shangtang Technology always attaches great importance to artificial intelligence governance. The relationship between governance and innovation of artificial intelligence is similar to the relationship between steering wheel, brake pad and throttle of automobile. AI governance is not only like a "steering wheel" that can guide technology research and product development in the right direction, but also has the function of "brake pad", which can stop AI innovation from developing in the wrong direction in time. The strength of the "steering wheel" and "brake pads" needs to be dynamically adjusted according to the priority of the "throttle". Therefore, AI governance needs to adapt to the rhythm changes of technological innovation and achieve a degree of relaxation.

In September, 2022, Shangtang Technology released the White Paper on Artificial Intelligence Governance with Balanced Development —— Annual Report on Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence in Shang Tang (2022). On the basis of AI ethics with Balanced Development, Shangtang Technology further proposed to develop "responsible and assessable" artificial intelligence, and took it as the vision goal of artificial intelligence governance in Shang Tang to create a closed loop of ethical governance.

At the same time, in view of the new stage, new trend and new changes of AI development, Shangtang Technology actively promoted the ethical governance from the exploration of AI itself to the specific business scene field, and in December 2022, it took the lead in publishing the "Reality-oriented Development View of the Digital World-Metauniverse Sustainable Development Report" for the metauniverse scene, introducing Shangtang Technology’s governance proposition for the digital world, providing for the construction of the digital world needed for the development of the real economy.

It can be seen that Shangtang Technology has implemented the "reality-oriented" concept of digital world development into its own practical development, and achieved the goals of "meeting the real needs", "following the real rules" and "conforming to the real interests" through the combination of technological innovation and real industries, so as to promote the integrated development of digital economy and real economy.

IDC MarketScape: Baidu Security is the leader in NESaaS market.

Recently, IDC, an authoritative international consulting organization, released the report IDC MarketScape: China Public Cloud Network Edge security-as-a-service (NESaaS) Market (hereinafter referred to as IDC Report). With its leading AI security technology capability, Baidu was in the leading position in the evaluation of China public cloud network edge security-as-a-service market in 2022.

IDC pointed out that based on the summarization and refinement of Baidu’s years of security practices, relying on artificial intelligence and big data, Baidu has terabyte (TB)-level cloud security protection capability under the all-round technical support and escort of Baidu’s security, and the risk of intercepting malicious web pages and user searches exceeds 100 billion times every year. At the same time, Baidu Intelligent Cloud Security is one of Baidu’s five security areas. Combining the technical advantages in AI field and the long-term service experience in cloud computing field, it has gradually established a complete and comprehensive multi-class security product matrix and security solutions to meet various business needs, forming a secure and reliable cloud base, effectively protecting the security of government and enterprise assets.

This is another recommendation after Baidu Security was selected as the recommended manufacturer of IDC’s "China Data Security Technology Development Roadmap, 2022" this year. It shows that Baidu Security has been at the leading level in the industry in AI security, data security, cloud security, business security and mobile security.

In recent years, with the increasing variety, quantity and importance of cloud assets, its allure to network attackers is also increasing. Based on the above network security requirements, IDC put forward the concept of Network Edge security-as-a-service (NESaaS) in 2022 in order to better guide enterprises to solve the network security construction in complex IT environment. IDC believes that NESaaS, as a stack of comprehensive network security capabilities, can naturally and efficiently integrate various security capabilities, thus fully embodying the concept of software-defined security access.

IDC’s report focuses on Baidu’s intelligent threat hunting platform, which is the product of Baidu’s integration of technologies such as deep learning and big data analysis. The platform has six advantages, such as powerful intelligent tracing, three-dimensional API protection, supporting 0day/Nday attack detection, automatic drainage honeypot, abundant attack and defense exercise toolbox, low false alarm and low false alarm, etc. It analyzes the network traffic of customers in the form of gateway, identifies the identity of attackers through powerful intelligent tracing mechanism, and assists customers in advanced security by combining real-time data and intelligent algorithm model.

Baidu’s intelligent threat hunting platform is based on big data intelligence and AI analysis model’s ability of accurate portrait and tracing of attackers, and realizes tracing analysis and blocking of users, equipment and network IP at three levels. It can identify the identity of potential attackers by association analysis combined with intelligence database, completely subverting the passive mode based on IP tracing in the past. Compared with the common honeynet tracing scheme in the industry, the tracing success rate is increased by 2~5 times, and the problem of low tracing success rate and easy circumvention in the industry is solved in a breakthrough.

At present, Baidu’s intelligent threat hunting platform has been widely used in energy, government affairs, transportation, Internet and other industries. With its outstanding AI security capability, it has made outstanding offensive and defensive performance and traceability performance in network offensive and defensive drills and red-blue confrontation actions for head customers such as government, enterprises and energy, and helped government and enterprise organizations win the first place in offensive and defensive drills.

In a project case of an energy company, by virtue of the product’s efficient perception and protection ability to unknown threats, it helps customers to deal with advanced threats such as 0day/Nday and APT attacks more efficiently, realizes rapid detection and response to security threats, and improves the efficiency of security operation and maintenance. It can not only build a complete defense-in-depth system, combine real-time data and artificial intelligence algorithm model, assist customers to make advanced security decisions, empower security operation and maintenance personnel, effectively deal with known and unknown threats, and fight against 0-Day and N-Day. It can identify the identity of attackers through a powerful intelligent traceability system, completely overturn the passive mode based on IP traceability in the past, and efficiently escort key infrastructure systems.

With Baidu’s leading AI security capability fully integrated into all modules of Baidu’s brain and covering all businesses in Baidu AI Cloud, under the unique advantage of "integration of cloud and intelligence", Baidu Security will continue to be innovative and pragmatic in the future, take on the strong demand for security from the market and enterprises, and devote itself to building an intelligent integrated security system based on AI and big data based on the rich technical precipitation of Baidu AI and big data, so as to accelerate the process of enterprise intelligent security integration.