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  Who Encountered Employment Discrimination (I)


  A new round of job-hunting war for graduates in 2007 has begun. According to a survey, in recent years, over 70% of job seekers have encountered employment discrimination. Among the complaints of many job seekers, these topics about employment discrimination have also become hot spots in media reports. A few days ago, the reporter visited some job fairs, collected the most common types of discrimination "samples" in the current job market, and explored the reasons with the parties and the personnel responsible for recruitment in related enterprises.


  Mainstream discrimination


  ? Sexism "The position of female employees will be healthy with children"


  Xiao He is a senior girl in a university in Beijing. Since October last year, she has been running around all kinds of job fairs and experienced all kinds of hardships in the process of job hunting. "Many units clearly say that they only want boys," Xiao He said angrily. "I don’t understand why many units don’t consider girls when recruiting clerks. Some government agencies actually claim that recruiting civil servants is limited to men."


  In fact, more units do not put gender requirements on the bright side, but push girls out first in the process of eliminating competitors. Even women who are already employed are still "restricted". Ms. Lin is the manager of an advertising company in Beijing. Not long ago, she just went to work after taking maternity leave, and the unit informed her that she had been demoted to ordinary employees.


  Explanations of the recruiting unit:


  Enterprises with many female employees have high costs.


  Regarding the standard of "male priority", the manager of the human resources department of a private enterprise explained it this way: "For our small enterprises, it will take two or three years to recruit a female employee, and she will have to take maternity leave and dismiss her, which violates the Labor Law; Keep it, it is also a big burden for enterprises, and employers have to provide wages according to law. In addition, female employees with children will definitely invest more energy than male employees in taking care of children and families. From the perspective of enterprise management, especially enterprise efficiency, enterprises with more female employees will pay more than those with more male employees. The cost is high, so now we simply don’t recruit women. "


  Response of the parties:


  Enterprises are evading the Labor Law.


  Ms. Lin believes that she just went to work, and the unit downgraded herself without evaluating her work. This is simply subjective judgment, and it is also a disguised form of forcing female employees on maternity leave to resign. "This not only dismissed female employees, but also did not violate the Labor Law. If women want to have children, enterprises will reject women, so who will bear the responsibility of human reproduction? "


  Age discriminates against the 35-year-old "retirement" with China characteristics.


  Mr. Wu, 48 years old, came back from the United States to visit relatives during Christmas, and accidentally found that domestic job advertisements all required: men under 35 years old and women under 26 years old … He was shocked: at my age, I couldn’t find a job when I returned to China. As a system engineer, he just jumped from a computer company to an electrical appliance manufacturer in the United States.


  The reporter found that limiting the age requirement of recruits to under 35 is a key requirement that can be seen in almost all job fairs or job advertisements. When I opened a recruitment magazine in December last year, in the 12th edition of Job Search World, among only 27 job advertisements, seven words "under 35 years old", one "under 40 years old", one "under 30 years old" and two "under 25 years old" appeared. The seven "under 35 years old" positions are refrigeration equipment salesman, driver, builder, accountant, cashier and foreign trade merchandiser.


  Explanations of the recruiting unit:


  Young people are willing to do a good job.


  Companies that recruit foreign trade merchandisers say that foreign trade work is hard, and I’m afraid it’s difficult to be competent over middle age. Companies that recruit salesmen think that salesmen often need to travel, and younger ones may be more suitable. An electronics company that recruits an expatriate assistant under the age of 25 said that the local manager is not old enough to find a young assistant.


  Response of the parties:


  Young people are in good health and low cost.


  Mr. Wu believes that the real reason is that young workers are obedient and have better physical strength, and it is not easy to get sick after working overtime for a long time, saving costs for the unit. "Although it is a market economy now, old-age medical care is a social co-ordination. If employees are not sick, the unit does not need to continue to pay wages during their illness."


  Health discrimination liver disease has evolved into a "social disease"


  Mr. Yang graduated from a university majoring in civil engineering in 2005. On December 27, 2004, on the eve of graduation, he signed an employment agreement for college graduates with an electrification survey and design institute in Tianjin and the university. On July 10, 2005, Yang and several classmates reported to the unit as scheduled. On August 3, when he participated in the unified physical examination of the unit, he was found to be carrying hepatitis B virus (hepatitis B small sanyang).


  Subsequently, Yang was arranged to go to Tianjin Infectious Disease Hospital for reexamination. The results showed that his index was less than 1000, which was normal and his liver function was normal. However, the design institute still refused to sign a labor contract with Yang on the grounds of the result of hepatitis B, unilaterally dissolved the employment agreement signed by the three parties and returned Yang’s personnel file to the school. At present, Mr. Yang has taken this design and research institute to court.


  Explanations of the recruiting unit:


  It is not illegal for state-owned enterprises to refuse "person B"


  Ms. Wang, the head of the human resources department of the Design and Research Institute, told reporters that the unit is a state-owned enterprise, and the nature of work determines that it is often necessary to travel collectively, eat and live together, and other employees are very disgusted with infectious patients such as hepatitis B. Therefore, the unit stated in the agreement signed with the graduates that if the medical examination encounters a serious illness that is not suitable for the nature of the work, the graduates will be returned. Even if Mr. Yang is only a carrier of hepatitis B virus, the staff of the institute is not a national civil servant, and the dissolution of the agreement does not violate state regulations.


  Response of the parties:


  Who gives 120 million "B" a job?


  In response to the explanation of the recruiting unit, Mr. Yang consulted legal experts and learned that people infected with hepatitis B virus who are not contagious can be employed. According to the National Viral Hepatitis Prevention and Control Program, hepatitis B virus carriers can work as usual, except that they can’t donate blood and work as direct food and nurses. The phenomenon of hepatitis B discrimination is in violation of China’s Law on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases. "At present, there are as many as 120 million hepatitis B virus carriers in China, that is to say, one in every 10 people. Can’t so many people give jobs?"


Height and appearance discriminate against girls, and they are ridiculed as "Jingba"


  Liu, a master of finance in a famous university, is 1.60 meters tall. Although he is excellent in character and scholarship, his height has become a threshold that he can’t cross when applying for a job. His job intention is to go to the bank. After handing in his resume, the other party showed great interest in him. But when the appointment is made, the other party will not be happy when he sees his height. Often, after a few minutes of talking, the other party bluntly said: the unit has requirements that the height of men should not be less than 1.70 meters, otherwise the unit will not accept it.


  Miss Guo, who studies history, has not found an ideal job since she graduated from college last year. The reason is that many employers think that her skin color is dark and her appearance does not meet the standards of employment. "A company wanted to hire me as a secretary, but there was no news after the interview. Afterwards, other students told me that the boss actually laughed at me in front of many people for my big eyes and flat nose, and I looked like’ Jingba’. "


  Explanations of the recruiting unit:


  Ugly people have to row back when they are logistics.


  The person in charge of the personnel department of a casual wear franchise company who has certain requirements on appearance said: Our service industry needs to face customers, so the appearance of employees is not required to be particularly beautiful, at least it should be pleasing to the eye. For applicants with obvious defects in appearance, we will basically eliminate them when they submit their resumes. We don’t discriminate against them just because they don’t meet the requirements of the company. If you want to recruit warehouse keepers, drivers, logistics, etc., you can still consider it, but only if there are no better candidates than them.


  Response of the parties:


  A master’s degree is not as tall as a man.


  After repeatedly hitting the wall, Liu told reporters helplessly: "The height is given by my parents, and I have no ability to change it? Besides, I got my master’s degree through hard work, but can’t I change the influence of my height? Moreover, bank work is not playing basketball. Why are there strict requirements for height? "


  Nonmainstream discrimination


  Zodiac name discrimination


  The waiter’s surname is "compensation" for business.


  Xiao Wang, a graduate student from the School of Finance and Economics of the National People’s Congress who is about to graduate, just applied for a job in a private enterprise. Although he did well in rough selection, written examination and interview, he did not receive the employment notice. My sister, who also works in this company, told Xiao Wang that the boss was very satisfied with her work ability, interview performance and improvisation. The only dissatisfaction was her "Zodiac". "The boss said that you are a chicken and he is a rabbit, and the Zodiac is offensive."


  Liu Meng, 35, is an old driver with more than ten years’ driving experience. At the end of October, 2006, he went to an enterprise to apply for the position of driver. At that time, Liu Meng, who had advantages in work experience and driving skills, was defeated. The recruiter of the company said that according to the investigation, drivers named "Chong" and "Meng" are impatient and prone to accidents while driving, so the company decided not to hire him.


  In the interview, the reporter learned that in addition to not hiring drivers with the words "Chong" and "Meng" in their names, some businesses are also reluctant to hire waiters with the words "Huang", "Pei" and "Guang" in their names, thinking that such names will affect business.


  Regional discrimination


  "Northeasters are impulsive and love to make trouble"


  Referring to the "discrimination" encountered in the application, Xiao Lu, a student of Beijing University of Technology who is about to graduate, was angry. Once he applied for a semi-research organization, the recruiter asked him about his major and academic performance with great interest at first, but as soon as he heard his answer in the newspaper "Born in Henan", he immediately said, "Oh, Henan people." Then he ended the question and told him to go back and wait for the notice, but there was no news.


  On December 16th, 2006, the reporter found that some units wrote "No Northeastern" in black and white on the recruitment booth. When asked by the reporter, the staff said without looking up, "We feel that Northeasters are impulsive and love to make trouble, so they are not prepared to take it." There is even a unit that simply declares that it doesn’t want Beijingers. The reason is that Beijingers are too lazy and have the legacy of the Eight Banners, and they always exaggerate.


  Alcohol discrimination


  "A meal can’t be less than half a catty of white wine"


  Pony, a marketing major at Beijing Technology and Business University, suffered a "drinking discrimination". Last month, he went to apply for a salesperson with two classmates. After the recruiter asked a simple personal situation, he asked them, "Can you drink?" How about the amount of alcohol? " As soon as he heard that Pony couldn’t drink, he was asked to go back first, leaving two students who claimed to be "good drinkers" to see the boss.


  In the interview, the reporter found that in fact, when many units recruit male employees, the amount of alcohol consumption has become the standard for leaders to judge whether employees are "real". Pony learned from the two classmates afterwards that the boss believed that it was essential for sales people to drink alcohol, so as to mingle with customers at the dinner table. "Not only can you drink, but you can also drink at least half a catty of white wine at a meal. It is best to put others down and be fine."


  Academic discrimination


  Check the "three generations" of doctoral degrees in prestigious schools


  Xiao Zhang, a Ph.D. student in Peking University, went to a university in Jilin Province to apply for a job. At first, the university was very interested in him. After several contacts, I gradually found out the bottom of Xiao Zhang. When I checked his original education, I found that this doctoral graduate was not a prestigious school when he was an undergraduate, so I turned him away. "I didn’t expect to check the’ three generations’ for academic qualifications!" Xiao Zhang was so angry that he even called it "absurd".


  According to the reporter’s understanding, many units will adopt this method of "checking three generations" when interviewing doctoral and master graduates to trace their undergraduate degrees. Once the undergraduate university does not enter the "211" project, no matter whether you are a master or a doctor, even people with diplomas will be discounted. Some employers believe that there are too many college graduates now, so it is natural for them to "choose the best among the best".


  News link


  Employment discrimination case


  Promote the anti-discrimination process


  The first case of hepatitis B in China


  In June, 2003, Zhang Xianzhu, a native of Wuhu, Anhui Province, signed up for the Anhui Provincial Civil Service Examination in Wuhu Personnel Bureau. After written examination and interview, his comprehensive score ranked first among the 30 candidates who applied for the position, and he entered the medical examination procedure according to the regulations. On September 17, 2003, the physical examination report showed that he was a patient with hepatitis B, and Zhang Xianzhu was not admitted because the medical examination conclusion was unqualified. On November 10, 2003, Zhang Xianzhu filed an administrative lawsuit with the court on the grounds that the defendant Wuhu Personnel Bureau deprived him of his qualification as a national civil servant and violated his legal rights. Wuhu Xinwu District People’s Court ruled in the first instance that the defendant Wuhu Personnel Bureau made a specific administrative act in the process of recruiting Anhui national civil servants in 2003, that is, the main evidence for canceling the plaintiff Zhang Xianzhu’s qualification to enter the assessment procedure was insufficient, and the legal costs of 100 yuan were borne by the defendant. However, the court also held that the recruitment of civil servants last year had ended, and the position that the plaintiff applied for had been replaced by others. Therefore, the plaintiff’s request to be hired to the corresponding position was not supported.


  Comments: This case has aroused social concern about the employment of 120 million hepatitis B patients nationwide. Subsequently, Guangdong, Sichuan, Jiangxi, and Zhejiang successively abolished the restrictive regulation that "HBV carriers cannot become civil servants" in the recruitment of civil servants. In 2005, the Ministry of Personnel and the Ministry of Health announced the formal implementation of "General Standards for Civil Servants’ Employment and Physical Examination (Trial)", which clearly stipulated for the first time that "HBV carriers can become civil servants".


  The first case of constitutional equality in China


  On January 7, 2002, Sichuan UniversityKevin Jiang, a 1998 student of the Law School, sued the Chengdu Branch of the People’s Bank of China on the grounds that the bank’s recruitment restrictions on height violated the constitutional provision that "all citizens in People’s Republic of China (PRC) are equal before the law" and violated its qualification for holding public office in state organs. This case is called "the first case of constitutional equality in China". On May 21, 2002, the Wuhou District People’s Court of Chengdu made a first-instance judgment on the case of "Kevin Jiang v. Administrative Litigation of Recruiting Clerk of Chengdu Branch of the People’s Bank of China", and ruled that the plaintiff Kevin Jiang’s lawsuit was rejected. After the judgment of the first instance, the plaintiff Kevin Jiang did not appeal.


  Comments: This case is the first time that the applicant has put the issue of discrimination in the recruitment process of state organs before the Chinese people. The principle of "People’s Republic of China (PRC) citizens are equal before the law" in the Constitution has aroused widespread social concern and made more people realize that it is necessary to rely on the law to carry out anti-employment discrimination.


  Morning News reporter Zhao Wangyue


  -This edition of the article Morning News reporter Maddox Zhao Wangyue

Does Greater Paris need to be rebuilt after losing to Bayern in the Champions League?

Giants are not necessarily strong teams, and superstars together may not be able to make a strong team. Greater Paris once again pays for its own giants lineup.

Striker Trident’s strength makes the lineup top-heavy, extremely unbalanced, old and weak. Once Meme’s connection is cut off, the lifeblood of the big Paris attack will be cut off. If you really want to win the Champions League by building a giant, you must be world-class in every position like Real Madrid, and the lineup is balanced. The coach can completely control the locker room, and everyone has defensive responsibility and offensive desire.

After the exit from the Champions League, Obape may be determined to leave the team, because he knows that he may never win the Champions League in Paris, and it is difficult to win the Golden Globe Award. Neymar is a lesson from the past. He was called Messi’s successor when he left Barcelona, but he never entered the top three of the Golden Globe Award after leaving Barcelona, and now he has become mediocre. Mbappé doesn’t have much youth to waste, and the next world may reach its peak, but there is no future in Bali, and Real Madrid doesn’t know whether to take him or not.

Messi may win a Golden Globe with last year’s World Cup champion, but he is embarrassed about where to go. He definitely wants to stay in Europe and play for a strong team, but which club is willing to offer such a high salary and risk destroying the salary structure of the dressing room, Manchester City? Barcelona? Or anything else, it may not be possible.

After the Grand Paris Consortium took office, it spent a total of 1.484 billion euros on the transfer every season, but it didn’t bring a Champions League, which was a failure. Although the Qatar Consortium was not short of money, it couldn’t stand such a toss-up, and the reconstruction of Grand Paris seemed inevitable.

Real Madrid, the three giants competing for the Champions League, did a big job in Paris, and tuchel began to learn Spanish.

Although tuchel left Chelsea in September, the 12 points he got for the team still helped Chelsea a lot. Porter only got 22 points for Chelsea within a few months after he took office. Tuchel, who helped Chelsea win the Champions League, is still at home, but many big clubs still want his guidance. The season is coming to an end, and which team tuchel will join next has become a topic of concern.

As far as the current news is concerned, only three teams in tuchel are likely to be joined by tuchel, including La Liga powerhouse Real Madrid, French powerhouse Barley and Premier League Hotspur. Among the three teams, Greater Paris is a team coached by tuchel. Its Champions League record and the strength demonstrated during the construction of the team have once again attracted the attention of the management of Greater Paris, and the Qatari boss also wants to invite tuchel back. Campos, who has an ambiguous relationship with Garti, has no big view on this issue.

Despite the good performance of Tottenham Hotspur this season, Kong Di’s departure is basically inevitable, and the two have already embarked on the journey of changing coaches early. At present, there are mainly two candidates, Pochettino and tuchel. Although Pochettino once coached Tottenham Hotspur, it has become an obstacle to coaching again. On the contrary, tuchel is more likely to join the team. Just as far as tuchel’s personality is concerned, it’s difficult to get in touch with the management of Tottenham Hotspur, and it’s unlikely that he will choose Tottenham Hotspur. After all, the character of Tottenham boss Levi is well known in the Premier League and even in the world football.

As for Real Madrid, it is different. Ancelotti still has some opportunities to coach. If the team can win the Champions League again this season, then he may stay, but if he can’t do this, his departure is inevitable. According to Spanish media reports, tuchel ranked first in the selection of Real Madrid’s coaching position, and tuchel himself is now taking the initiative to learn Spanish. In order to prepare for the next step of coaching Real Madrid, just wait patiently for the end of Ancelotti.

There are so many famous stars in European football, and they almost take turns to coach the major clubs, and tuchel, the coach who won the Champions League, has naturally become the target of everyone’s pursuit. Besides him, Pochettino and Zidane are the focus of team competition in the summer transfer period, but tuchel has a more obvious advantage than others. The reason for his withdrawal from Chelsea is not his personal record, but his harmonious relationship with the management, and there are not many problems with his coaching ability.

What are the use of face recognition technology?

In recent years, artificial intelligence has developed rapidly, especially human face recognition technology, is increasingly widely used in daily life. After entering the 21st century, China Electronic Technology has developed rapidly in just decades, and it is inseparable from the promotion of scientific and technological talents. From human beings enter the steam era, then go to the electrical age, human beings have begun to develop rapidly, and science and technology enters the era of large bombings. Technical application makes us live more fast, efficient, intelligent.

Today mainly introduces people’s face recognition technology, face recognition system has a wide range of applications: face recognition, face recognition, banned tarthen system, face recognition monitoring management, face recognition computer security, face recognition photo search , Face recognition, registration, face recognition ATM wit, video alarm system, face recognition prison intelligent alarm system, face recognition RFID intelligent customs clearance system, face recognition public security criminal pursuit of intelligent alarm system and so on. If the Alipay brush is paid, the "safe city" built by the public security is arrested in the escape criminals, brushing the face into the community, etc. is the application of face recognition technology.

Scope of application: park, factory, supermarket, community square, conference center, sports venue, school, hospital, residential area, commercial street, large-scale farm market, etc. Important parts, hotels, restaurants, catering, entertainment venues Monitoring recording purposes for indoor and outdoor surveillance of the lobby entrance, elevator and other major channels.

Face capture and tracking

Face capture refers to a frame in a frame of an image or video stream and separating portraits from the background and saves it automatically. Portrait tracking refers to the use of portrait capture techniques that automatically tracks it when the specified portrait is moving within the range of the camera.

Face recognition alignment

Face recognition is divided into two comparisons and search formulas. The verification is that the portraits of the captured or the specified portrait have been logged in the database. Remember that a certain object is determined to be the same person. Searching comparison means searching for searching for a specified portrait from all portions registered in the database.

Face modeling and search

The system can model the portable data of the library to extract the characteristics of the face and save it into the database (face feature file) to the database. When performing a face search (search formula), the specified portrait is modeled, and it will be identified compared to the templates of all people in the database, and ultimately list the most similar person according to the compared similar value. List.