Do you know the variety and history of Lantern Festival in Shanghai today?

Today is the Lantern Festival. Eating "Yuanxiao" on the Lantern Festival is a custom of China people. The round glutinous rice dumplings symbolize happiness and reunion, and are entrusted with people’s good wishes for the new year. Shanghai’s "Lantern Festival" is divided into northern style, Ningbo style, Soviet style, Guangdong style and so on. There are also many other varieties, such as fermented rice balls, pigeon egg rice balls, "Benbang Tangtuan" and so on. In addition, there are "dry" cooking and "dry" eating methods such as rolling sand balls and dry frying. Let’s get to know it together! See ↓

There are "wet" and "dry"

Various wrapping methods and eating methods of dumplings

"Yuanxiao" is also called Tangyuan, also known as Tangtuan. Its name is different, and there are various schools of wrapping and eating. In modern times, Shanghai was the earliest trading port in China, and people from all over the world brought different kinds of dumplings to Shanghai.

The Shanghai Archives keeps a manuscript of Lantern Festival Words "Yuanxiao" written by an old Shanghai gourmet, which was written by Ms. Shi Jingzhen, an old Shanghai businessman. In her account, the "Lantern Festival" in Shanghai is divided into northern style, Ningbo style, Soviet style, Cantonese style and so on.

"Lantern Festival Words" Lantern Festival "written by Shi Jingzhen (Shanghai Archives Collection)

The North-style "Yuanxiao" is made by rolling dried glutinous rice flour into a round ball the size of a walnut, and its stuffing is made by mixing walnut meat, melon seeds, green plums and red melons with cooked lard, sugar and flour.

The Ningbo-style Yuanxiao, commonly known as Ningbo Tangtuan, is made of soaked glutinous rice flour with lard bean paste or lard ginkgo in the middle. It is smooth, soft and sweet when cooked and has a unique flavor.

Although the dumplings we eat now are sweet and salty, the "Yuanxiao" in Shi Jingzhen’s article is all the same color "sweet mouth", which is probably her personal preference, but it also conforms to the general public’s impression of Jiangnan people.

The Northern Lantern Festival rolled in the basket. Sometimes "Yuanxiao" refers to the northern Yuanxiao, and "Tangtuan" refers to the southern Yuanxiao.

In fact, there are many other varieties of Yuanxiao in Shanghai.

For example, the glutinous rice from Jintan, which has a history of more than 100 years, is exquisite. The quality of the glutinous rice is relatively condensed, and the glutinous rice is brewed by itself, which is sweet but not sour. The glutinous rice is rich and sweet, and its taste is beautiful, which is welcomed by customers. If every long summer Festival, there will be more customers ".

Glutinous Rice Balls in Fermented Rice Wine

Another example is the pigeon egg dumplings, which were originally put in baskets by ingenious vendors and sold in various tea houses in the Chenghuang Temple in the old city. They are small and exquisite, shaped like pigeon eggs, soft, sweet and cool, and the sugar stuffing in the dumplings is full of sugar water, which does not condense after cold.

In fact, there is also a "native" "Yuanxiao" in Shanghai, which is the so-called "Benbang Tangtuan" (also known as Yuanzi and Tuanzi). Most of the "Benbang dumplings" are stuffed with vegetables and meat, and their size is bigger than that of Ningbo dumplings. Four diners who have a smaller appetite will "help the wall out". Nowadays, such dumpling shops can be found in Qibao, Xinchang and other ancient towns in the suburbs of Shanghai, and the business is also good.

Benbang dumplings (also known as dumplings and dumplings)

As for the way to eat dumplings, "they are usually cooked in boiling water. The cooked dumplings taste glutinous and firm, and a bag of sugar soup at the entrance is very sweet." However, the pigeon egg dumplings can be cooked in boiling water and cooled before eating. In the era when there is no refrigerator, a small bowl of pigeon egg dumplings is a good cold food for relieving summer heat.

Dove egg round son

In addition to these "wet" practices and eating methods, "Yuanxiao" also has "dry" cooking and "dry" eating.

The famous point of grinding sand circles is the representative of "doing". It filters out the water from the cooked dumplings, rolls on a layer of bean paste powder, and can be eaten hot or cold. It is delicious and convenient to carry, and is deeply loved by people. The bean paste powder on the sand ball. To make it, first-class red beans should be selected, washed and boiled to crisp, mashed and dried, ground into fine powder, fried in a pot until it is slightly burnt, and then taken out of the pot when the beans smell, and finally screened with a fine sieve. The prepared bean paste powder is brownish yellow, wrapped in "Yuanxiao", which is lovely and appetizing, and has the same effect as the traditional snack "donkey rolling" in northern China.

Leishayuan

Besides "grinding sand", "Yuanxiao" can also be fried dry. Shi Jingzhen recalled that when she was a child, every Lantern Festival, her mother would dry-fry dumplings cooked in boiling water. Watching my mother pour Yuanxiao into a cooked oil pan, stirring and pressing it, she was only as fat as a golden ball, which made her drool. Ask mom to beg for one to eat first, bite it down, and the sugar water is so hot that I want to cry, but I can’t bear to spit out the sweet, fragrant and oily sugar juice.

Fried dumplings

It has a long history and has its own merits.

Shanghai de tangtuan famous store

Most of the traditional Chinese dim sum snacks in old Shanghai are concentrated in the old town hall, especially in the Chenghuang Temple area. It can be said that it was also the "top flow" gathering place of Shanghai dim sum snack industry.

Chenghuangmiao Lantern Festival

For example, the old Tongchun Dim Sum Shop and the old Songsheng Dim Sum Shop located at No.45 and No.46, Yimiao Road, Chenghuangmiao (now Yuyuan Road, Chenghuangmiao) are both famous for their fermented dumplings and dumplings. In particular, "Old Tung Chun" was founded in 1860 and moved to Chenghuang Temple around 1925. Although it is only a small shop with more than a dozen tables, its pork dumplings with sand and fresh meat dumplings are very famous in old Shanghai.

Founded in 1857, "Lao Songsheng" has a longer history. It was founded by a Chongming named Yu. I don’t know if it was made of Chongming wine. Its wine dumplings are very delicious and often attract customers to queue up to buy them. These two small shops are neighbors and deal in the same kind of food, but they don’t feel like "peers are enemies" at all, and get along well with each other.

Registration card of retail enterprise filled in by Lao Songsheng Dim Sum Store in 1963 (Shanghai Archives Collection)

The pigeon egg is the most famous restaurant in Gu Shunxing, No.98 Yimiao Road, Chenghuangmiao. "Gu Shunxing" got its name from people. According to legend, in the 1920s and 1930s, a Ningbo man named Gu Shunxing carried a food basket every day to sell homemade pigeon balls in the tea houses of Chenghuang Temple. Gu Jia’s pigeon egg dumplings can be eaten cold without lard, which is more suitable for summer consumption. Over time, they have become famous and opened stores. After liberation, the public-private partnership, perhaps because of the relatively large scale, both "Lao Tongchun" and "Lao Songsheng" reported to "Gu Shunxing" for unified economic accounting, which was also regarded as the "shoulders" of the tangtuan community in the Chenghuang Temple.

In 1963, Gu Shunxing’s restaurant filled in the retail enterprise registration card, and there was no trace of the pigeon egg in the main products (Shanghai Archives Collection).

Speaking of "Lantern Festival" in Shanghai, "Qiaojiazha" and "Meixin" are always unavoidable. Qiaojiazha is also a "century-old shop", which was founded in 1909. It was originally named as "Yongmaochang Tangtuan Store". Because it was opened at the intersection of Qiaojiazha and Ninghe in the old city, the residents nearby called it "Qiaojiazha", and later simply took "Qiaojiazha" as the font size. "Qiaojiazha" is famous for all kinds of Ningbo dumplings and sand balls. The dumplings produced by its family are diverse in variety, exquisite in materials and fine in operation, characterized by fine powder, thin skin and many fillings, and delicious in taste.

Impression of Qiaojiazha (works by Wang Zhenkun)

Meixin Dim Sum Restaurant, located at No.105, North Shaanxi Road, is another time-honored brand in Shanghai famous for dumplings. It was founded in 1943, and has never moved its store since its opening. It is also famous for its Ning-style lard dumplings and wine-brewed dumplings.

Jin Tian de mei Xin dessert shop

There is another phenomenon in the dumpling circle of old Shanghai, that is, there are many font sizes with the same name. For example, during the Anti-Japanese War, "Qiaojiazha" appeared at the intersection of Ximen Road in the old nanshi and Huaihai Road in the western area, and the latter moved to Xiangyang South Road soon. Everyone claimed to be "authentic" and also featured dim sum such as dumplings. Another example is "Qiaojiazha", formerly known as "Yongmaochang". During the Anti-Japanese War, a master named Li Yigao opened a dumpling shop with the same name on Fangbang Road in Nanshi. At the intersection of Huaihai Road and Chongqing, there is also the "Yongmaochang" dim sum shop opened by Li Fukui, which also features dumplings.

Time flies, and there are many changes in the area of Chenghuang Temple, which once gathered various kinds of dumpling shops. Until the sixties and seventies of the last century, "Gu Shunxing" and "Old Tung Chun" all enjoyed a prosperous business. Now, "Gu Shunxing" has disappeared, and the brand "Laotongchun" has entered Songyunlou, but it is no longer the dumpling but the lard residue wonton that belongs to it. After many relocations, "Lao Songsheng" has now become "Dexing Restaurant (Yuyuan Store)".

Instead, it was Ningbo Tangtuan Store on the bank of Jiuqu Bridge. In the memory of Shen Jialu, a well-known gourmet in Shanghai, it was originally another "osmanthus hall" famous for selling pigeon eggs and dumplings. The business of Ningbo Tangtuan Store is booming, and the customers are full. The "Osmanthus Hall" has merged with Songyun Building, becoming one of the few stores with pigeon eggs and dumplings for sale.

The bustling crowd in front of Ningbo Tangtuan Store in Chenghuang Temple.

Qiaojiazha, which was originally famous for dumplings, has opened many branches, but dumplings are no longer its main product. "Meixin" still sticks to the tradition silently in the original site. Although it also makes other snacks, dumplings are always the first products sold out.

Today’s Shanghainese can easily taste delicious food from all over the country and all over the world in the streets and lanes. Besides dumplings, people have more and more choices for eating. But on the Lantern Festival, it is still the dream of many people to have a bowl of warm "Yuanxiao". It contains more than an unforgettable taste when I was there …

Sweet and waxy dumplings are entrusted with people’s beautiful expectations for the new year.

Information: released by Shanghai

Editor: Chen Weiting

ShangguanNo. Author: Shanghai Jinshan

French Top Ten Women List Released Movie Star Sophie Marceau List [Photos]

  The results of a "Top Ten Women" selection in France recently came out. Rashida Datti, the beautiful minister of justice who will be kicked out of the cabinet by President Sarkozy, topped the list, while Bruni, the "first lady", could hardly compete with her, with only the eighth place.


  Beauty minister is in the limelight.


  According to the report, the best women in France obviously have considerable international influence, and most of the selected figures are well-known, including veteran movie stars brigitte bardot and catherine deneuve.


  The 43-year-old Rashida Datti has always had a high-profile image as a "Dior-wearing female attorney general", and a series of recent storms, including her "deeds" such as returning to work five days after giving birth to a daughter and announcing that she will resign in June this year under the pressure of President Sarkozy, have kept her quite high exposure.


  The report said that the French voted Datti as the "best woman" not only because of her fashion, beauty and sexy image, but also because of her toughness, independence and vitality in her political career. French feminist historian Florence Montereno commented on her, "Rashida Datti is full of ambition, determination and activity", which made her vote rate as high as 26%.


  The top ten are almost all mature women.


  It is rumored in French tabloids that Bruni, the "first lady", is very concerned about the close relationship between Datti and Sarkozy. It is even reported that Sarkozy made the decision to kick Datti out of the cabinet at Bruni’s behest. However, Bruni, who was born as a supermodel, was much inferior to Datti in this selection. With 16% of the votes, she not only failed in the top three, but also ranked eighth. However, this may have something to do with Bruni’s birthplace in Italy. Bruni became a French citizen after her "flash marriage" with Sarkozy last year.


  It is reported that the "Top Ten Women" in France are generally older, and the only one in the top ten who is under 40 years old is another beauty in Sarkozy’s cabinet-French Minister of Human Rights Rama Yade.


  France’s "Top Ten Women" list:



1. Rashida Datti, 43, French Minister of Justice.



2. Sophie Marceau, 42 years old, is a French movie star.



3. Claire Hazare, 52, news anchor Claire and her husband Couthures (photo).

Industrial design works collection version improves tips!

Authorization | Huangshan first painting

Part 1: Type of typography

The type of works of the works can be roughly divided into parallel type, slanted, full version, free type, symmetrical, left and right divided, up and down, gravity, detail, background type.

01 / sided form

The elements perform a differential arrangement of different positions, and the screen has relatively symmetrical feeling by both connection and different elements.

Scheduled application

Picture application

Product typesetting application

Squiry in parallelized multi-use for pictures and product color, material research analysis, etc.

02 / slide typesetting

Type elements and texts in the shape of a curve, or tilt the picture, so that the layout exhibits unstable visual sensation, and the overall is more rhyme.

Scheduled application

Photo application

Product typesetting application

03 / full version

The text is placed on the image on the arranging, which can be placed in the middle, or it can be placed in the middle, but also intersect, but there must be a certain logic.

Full version of the application

Full version of the product typography

Full version of the graphic version

04 / free form

There is no regular typography, the layout is very lively, to avoid the integrity of the typography, incomplete.

Do not recommend product typography

05 / Symmetrical Form

Give human rationality, the feeling of work, but avoid the visual sensation of the dead plate.

Symmetric form application

06 / left

The layout is divided into two parts, the layout of the balance, forming a strong comparison effect, wearing the text, making the layout more coordinated.

Application of left and right divided layout

Photo application

Applications

07 / up and down segmentation

The layout is divided into two parts, the picture can be a single can also be a single, highlighting the energetic atmosphere, the text is light and free, you can write it.

Up and down segmentation is easy to operate, text and content can be discharged from the layout for the vertical version.

Application of up and down partial layout

Photo application

Applications

08 / gravity form

The entire layout has a focus and highlights the visual focus.

Cardiological form layout application

Applications

Photo application

09- Detail form

Highlight the material and function of the product through the magnification of the product details. Enhance the visual effect of the picture.

Detail form layout application

Applications

10 / background form

Place the product in the background template environment.

Applications

Background form layout application

Part II: Tips

Type of skills can be roughly divided into four types, text skills, lend white skills, graphic skills, color skills.

01 / font skill

Select the most comfortable font size

The font size of the font size has a relatively regular magnification, that is, 0.5 times relationship growth

Select the level of the font

Multiple family text information block processing relationship, visual experience between different locations, text blocks, pay attention to the comfort of the font spacing and the line spacing.

Select the level of the font

Different dimensional texts on the above visual experience.

Font selection

Understand the character of the font, avoid using the default font to avoid using the transition to use and ugly fonts, pay attention to avoid simultaneous use of both fonts and two or more different colors.

Font selection

Pay attention to the readability of the text, do not leave a lonely word, use small uppercase letters and carefully use the text of the text.

02 / Dossy Tips

What is a white?

Even if we call it "white", it does not mean that the actual space must be white.

As long as you don’t repeat any graphics or elements on the page. It originates from traditional art, which is originally the difference in the shape of the user more accurately.

Dossy is a space between each element and the surrounding space. When the designer talks about the white: they are actually negative space.

The word "negative space" originated in conflict, blank spaces can be filled with any color. The actual white and "留 白" "negative space" did not really associate, "darker" and "negative space" can be used interchangeably.

Do you want to leave?

Dossy is the basic element of the design, leaving a white simply is a premeditated guidance reader to capture the information necessary to express the information.

And improve the visual feeling of reading.

In the layout of the work set, there is enough space to reserve enough space, do not let information are too stacked, accounting for full space. Too many information will directly lead to a decrease in the interest of the examiner, and a slightly sparse version of the typography will make reading more comfortable.

Picture with text

Dossy is a simple art. You don’t have to pursue information on the page and drawings. Appropriate leaves give people a reading rest, and you can also cause unlimited imagination.

03 / graphic skills

A / Emphasize graphic comparison, increasing visual readability

Using contrast color and complementary color, enhance the readability of information, select the main color according to the subject, and use another color to match the decoration, produce visual tension, attract reading readers.

A

B

B / Weak background

Weak background, fuzzy color reduces the level of reading order,

Highlight design destination visuality and information readability,

The weakening of the background, the convexity of the text will make information reading more visual impact.

A

B

Weak background, emphasizing information.

C / segmentation geometry screen

Add a rectangular boundary box other than the text or set a color block under text, forming a product label, and the relationship is generated by the background and label, allowing the user to focus on the geometry.

Through the segmentation of the geometric frame, the reader’s vision center is focused on the information points within the frame.

D / gold segmentation skills

Gold segmentation: The ratio of the shorter portion of the line segment is equal to the longer portion and the overall length ratio, and its ratio is about 0.618.

A

B

Layout: Set the size into a gold segmentation ratio.

Rebum: Use the gold segmentation ratio to control the white space.

Content: Try to utilize the proportion of gold.

04 / color skills

A / contrast color

Two colors of the 12 color phase rings are 120 ° color. The matching method of the color color can generally use the color of the picture very jumped. It is now much more than sports products.

B / same color

Then there are two colors of the 12 color phase rings in the color of 30 °. Use the similar color on the product to enhance the overall feeling of the picture.

C / complementary color

The distance between the two colors in the 12-color ring is 180 ° color. The complementary color is exaggerated, and the visual impact is very strong.

D / neighboring color

The distance between the two colors in the 12 color phase ring is 60 ° color. The neighboring color is a relaxed feeling.

Co-like – then two colors of the two colors in the 12-color rings in the color of 30 °. Use the similar color on the product to enhance the overall feeling of the picture.

Complementary Color – The distance between the two colors in the 12-color ring is 180 ° color. The complementary color is exaggerated, and the visual impact is very strong.

Neighborhood – The distance between the two colors in the 12-color ring is 60 ° color. The neighboring color is a relaxed feeling.

Color of the golden rule – 6: 3: 1

The main color is a proportion of 60%, and the secondary color is 30% ratio, and the auxiliary color is a 10% ratio. Generally, the color of the color of the color is followed in the product color matching.

6: 3: 1

Color golden law is reflected in the product

Children’s products generally use multiple colors or irregular use of colors

finally

You can follow this or a certain way to type and layout, but the products and rhythm of each person are different, so everyone finds the style and typography of our products. It is also important.